Nauvoo rapidly became the state`s biggest city. Mobs assaulted the Mormons at several of their communities in the fall of 1838. 1912 January, Zane Grey, chapter 1, in Riders of the Purple Sage: A Novel, New York, N.Y.; London: Harper & Brothers Publishers, OCLC 6868219: 1.1.1. Mormon history is largely a repeating pattern: LDS members form an insular community somewhere, buy and sell principally with each other and dominate the local economy and political scene, followed by harassment and violence from the area’s prior residents, leading to guerrilla warfare and the expulsion of the Mormons to a new territory, where it all started again. In 1827, 21-year-old Joseph Smith announced that he had unearthed a set of golden plates, inscribed with the tenants of God’s true church. The Mormon Church was founded in New York after Joseph Smith, Jr. claimed to have found a buried book of golden plates written by ancient American prophets in the late 1820s. An untrue report reached Washington, D.C., that the Mormons were in revolt. a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, founded in 1830 at La Fayette, New York, by Joseph Smith, a prophet whose supposed revelations were recorded by Joseph Smith in the Book of Mormon, of or relating to the Mormons, their Church, or their beliefs, How ‘Ethical’ Hotel Chain Marriott Gouges Guests in the Name of Wi-Fi Security, Why Your Next Vacation Will Be in Turkmenistan, The Luxury Homes That Torture and Your Tax Dollars Built, History of the Prophet Joseph by His Mother. Experts write all our 2500 articles (and counting! Congress continued to oppose the Mormon practice of polygamy, and the church finally condemned that family arrangement in 1890. In its nearly two hundred-year history, Mormonism has spread from its headquarters in the American Midwest and finally Utah, to become an international church with most of its members living outside the United States. Since 1994, Quatr.us Study Guides has offered free history and science articles to keep you connected to the latest discoveries in world history. However, distress rose again. See the full definition for Mormon in the English Language Learners Dictionary. Twenty Mormons, including several children, were slain in the "Massacre at Haun`s Mill." In 1831, Smith relocated the church headquarters to Kirtland and over nearly 10 years, he formulated its essential polity and several of its present teachings. Such antagonism towards Mormons appears to have been spurred in part by economic rivalry and a distaste for the Mormon tendency to vote en bloc. 1.1. In June 1845 the leader of the Mormons, Joseph Smith, was murdered. They told him to be ready for a significant project. :WHO ARE MORMONS? The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. Smith said the Angel Moroni, who was the guardian of these plates, had directed him to these writings and that his mission was to publish a translation of this book. The original Mormon temple was opened in Kirtland in 1836. 1. : a member of a Christian church that was founded by Joseph Smith in the U.S. in 1830 : a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. One element founded a newspaper to castigate Smith, who had become a presidential contender. Or do you just have an interest in foreign languages? The Missouri Mormons had settled in a town called Far West in the northern part of the state, following their expulsion from Independence in 1834. He, his brother Hyrum, and other church leaders were arrested and incarcerated. Mormon definition: 1. a member of a religious group called the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, which…. Jessen was named a Mormon bishop, but the appointment was met with vocal protests. “Inauguration” vs. “Swearing In”: What’s The Difference? “Capital” vs. “Capitol”: Do You Know Where You’re Going? The trouble that followed was dubbed the Utah War, which nearly became a major conflagration. Smith and some of his associates were apprehended on accusations Mormons to this day maintain were groundless. The word Mormon originally derived from the Book of Mormon, a religious text published by Smith as "Another Testament of Jesus Christ". mon (môr′mən) Mormon Church n. 1. Others are from the Book of Mormon itself, e.g., books such as 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, and Alma.) Smith further reported that, three years later, he encountered an angel named Moroni who revealed to him the existence of buried golden plates that bore engravings, in an archaic tongue, of the history of early peoples of North America. The 10th Article of Faith relates to the Mormons' distinct perspective on history and on the second coming of Jesus. Expelled from Missouri the same year, nearly 15,000 Mormons retreated to Illinois. “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. Retrieved from "https://eom.byu.edu/index.php?title=Encyclopedia_of_Mormonism&oldid=5078" See more. Utah Territory This scheme was now implemented by [Brigham Young], who had become the new head of the church. The history of so broad a movement cannot be adequately condensed, but in the pages that follow is an outline of Mormon History from 1820 to contemporary times. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), church that traces its origins to a religion founded by Joseph Smith in the United States in 1830. adj. According to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), the Garden of Eden in which God placed Adam and Eve is located in Jackson County, Missouri, near … As a label, Mormonism has been applied to various aspects of the Latter Day Saint movement. Marriott, with its deep history in the Mormon faith, portrays itself as a deeply ethical institution. A Mormon dream became reality in 1896 when Utah became the 45th state. Does “Bimonthly” Mean Twice A Month Or Every Two Months? The term Mormon, often used to refer to members of this church, comes from the Book of Mormon , which was published… A few months later, Smith eluded prison guards and rejoined his followers there, settling on the banks of the Mississippi River at the town of Commerce, which they renamed Nauvoo. The Pearl of Great Price is composed of two lost books from the Bible, a translation of the Gospel of Matthew, Joseph Smith’s history, and the 13 Articles of Faith. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The Mormon priesthood look toward the establishment of a temporal kingdom in connection with their religion. The "Mormon" people throughout the country were in a great state of alarm, and also in great distress. HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS (LDS): 1805: Founder: Joseph Smith Jr. was born; 1820: Joseph Smith’s alleged “First Vision” = Heavenly Father and Jesus Christ appeared to Smith and told him not to join any of the churches for they were “all” wrong. originally, Mormon was the name of the ancient American prophet who compiled the writings that constitute the Book of Mormon. Another tenet of Mormonism that eventually succumbed was the attitude towards blacks, who were denied the chance to achieve the priesthood in the early Mormon church. The 1837 insolvency of a Mormon bank, squabbles among some church members, and strife with non-church neighbors, scattered the Kirtland faithful. The territory`s population capped 140,000 in 1877. In the early 19th century, Joseph Smith, a New England farmer`s son, experienced a succession of supernatural visions. The church expanded quickly, and by the first year boasted some 1,000 adherents. A member of the Mormon Church. Smith`s narrative of these events reports that God and Jesus Christ appeared to him in 1820 outside of Palmyra, New York. Brigham Young became the new leader of the Mormons. Either way, this quiz on Spanish words for animals is for you. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), also called Mormonism, church that traces its origins to a religion founded by Joseph Smith in the United States in 1830. The main events described within the Book of Mormon take place between 600BC to 421AD, although parts go right back to the Tower of Babel, some 2,000 years ago! They campaigned for women’s rights and started the first hospitals in Utah. This remained the policy of the church until 1978. Anti-Mormon public outcry persuaded President James Buchanan to replace Young with a non-Mormon governor and dispatch soldiers to occupy Utah in 1857. Due to the hostility shown towards the Mormons, he decided they needed to move somewhere safer. Are you learning Spanish? Smith discovered them in 1827 on Cumorah`s Hill, near Palmyra. Published in 1945, Brodie's No Man Knows My History was the work of a disaffected Mormon, the daughter of a general authority and the niece of Church President David O. McKay. In 1838, Smith set up a new spiritual colony in Missouri, but by 1839, anti-Mormon prejudice there had proved too virulent. An ancient prophet believed to have compiled a sacred history of the Americas, which was translated and published by Joseph Smith as the Book of Mormon in 1830. The story of the Mormon Trail is rooted in the beginnings of a unique American religion. – Their History, Beliefs and Practices. Smith and his most loyal believers moved to Missouri in 1838, to regroup with other Mormons. In over 4,500 family history centers operated around the world by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the fabric of humanity is being woven together as volunteers compile and record important dates and information about those who have died. Dictionary.com Unabridged Utah, USA Brigham Young was definitely onto something when he sought to build his Mormon “Zion” in the rugged hinterland of Utah. This booklet will be a useful resource to have on hand as you strive to better understand Mormon definitions and … In addition, by the early 1840s, the resentment was exacerbated by Smith’s king-like aspirations and by rumors that Mormons were starting to practice polygamy, the condition of having more than one spouse. However, they were targeted by other Christians who disagreed with Mormon practices such as polygamy. The term Mormon, often used to refer to members of this church, comes from the Book of Mormon, which was published by Smith in 1830; use of the term is discouraged by the church. Join us now as we enter a mysterious building that no outsider has ever visited — a Mormon temple — for today we're studying that most curious of history texts, the Book of Mormon.. History definition, the branch of knowledge dealing with past events. During the early 1830s, Mormons founded colonies at Independence, Missouri, and Kirtland, Ohio. The Mormon Church, a sect of Christianity sometimes referred to as a cult, has a collection of sacred writings called the Pearl of Great Price .. Mormons believe in the concept of creation according to Genesis, but they also give some additional information based on several other texts from Moses, Abraham, and texts of Joseph Smith.. English Language Learners Definition of Mormon. Its swift expansion to more than 12,000 by 1845, and the impact of Mormons on state politics, induced non-Mormons to be wary and antagonistic again. Of or relating to the Mormons, their religion, or the Mormon Church. (originally derogatory, sometimes proscribed) A person who believes in the Mormon religion, which worships Elohim, views Joseph Smith as his prophet and has the Bible and the Book of Mormon as its main scriptures. After Smith's death in 1844 the movement split into several groups following different leaders; the majority followed Brigham Young, while smaller groups followed Joseph Smith III, Sidney Rigdon, and James Strang. (Editor’s note: many of the references in our articles on Mormonism are Mormon publications, such as Mormon Doctrine, Articles of Faith, Doctrines of Salvation, History of the Church, Doctrine and Covenants, and so forth. The 1830s was a decade of expansion, but also significant difficulties cropped up in those years. Members of a mob fatally shot Smith and his brother in an assault on the lockup on June 27, 1844. In short, Mormon leaders are confronting a crisis of faith—and a crisis of authority. A new church Links go to pages that give a fuller treatment of the time period of the various issues and periods. a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, founded in 1830 at La Fayette, New York, by Joseph Smith. A Brief History. They sought admission to the Union, giving their proposed state the name Deseret, but in 1850, Congress opted to create the Territory of Utah, then name Young as governor. Official Mormon histories about Joseph Smith may have been misleading. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins However, once the Civil War was concluded and slavery was ended, the federal government turned its eye back to Utah to end the other “relic of barbarism,” polygamy, or plural marriage. a prophet whose supposed revelations were recorded by Joseph Smith in the Book of … As an adjective by 1842. The Mormon produced a package which he had been concealing under his chair. ), with full bibliography and citation information. The conflict ended in 1858 when Young accepted the new governor and President Buchanan gave full pardon to all concerned. Mormon meaning: 1. a member of a religious group called the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, which…. Learn more. Mormons are a religious and cultural group related to Mormonism, the principal branch of the Latter Day Saint movement started by Joseph Smith in upstate New York during the 1820s. The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day. . A runt from under the Mormon ditch; we raise bigger on our land. Also called Latter-day Saint. His English rendering of the history, titled The Book of Mormon, was issued in 1830. The paper was demolished, and Smith caught the blame. During the early 1830s, Mormons founded colonies at Independence, Missouri, and Kirtland, Ohio. The number of Utah settlements increased*, ultimately forcing the resident Indians, in particular the Utes, onto reservations. The church`s organization is traditionally held to have occurred in Fayette, New York, in 1830. Mormons often referred to … In his 1859 interview with [Horace Greeley], Brigham Young asserted that blacks could not be priests until the "curse pronounced on Ham" had been lifted. In 1831, Smith relocated the church headquarters to Kirtland and over nearly 10 years, he formulated its essential polity and several of its present teachings. We want you to know why things happened, how that matters today, and what you can do about it. What Is The Difference Between “It’s” And “Its”? The “institution” is even more odious under Mormon than Mohammed. Mormon (plural Mormons) 1. Strife with Mormons erupted again. The original Mormon temple was opened in Kirtland in … Learn more. Mobs pushed the Mormons out of Illinois in 1846. Mormon definition: Mormon means relating to the religion started by Joseph Smith in the United States . One respected historian, Sydney E. Ahlstom, wrote in 1982 "One cannot even be sure, whether [Mormonism] is a sect, a mystery cult, a new religion, a church, a … 2. Expulsion from Missouri That year, 1871, had marked a change which had been gradually coming in the lives of the peace-loving Mormons… Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. the popular name given to a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Mormons, Mormonism, Mormon Church—following the publication of the Book of Mormon in 1830, these terms were used by the early opponents of the Church in order to avoid crediting Church members with being Christians. On April 6, 1830, Smith and some like-minded colleagues established the Church of Christ, soon to be known by today`s title, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The population grew rapidly, and by 1849, the Mormons had forged a civil government. Joseph Smith had planned to relocate his followers to the Great Basin in the Rocky Mountains. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition Mormon (n.) 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