Massachusetts has recently enacted assault and battery on a household member. Consent: If consent can be proven, sometimes referred to as mutual combat defense, then the victim may be considered as being equally responsible for any injuries that resulted. Simple battery is considered a misdemeanor in most states, but aggravating circumstances can cause battery to fall under the category of a felony. There are three basic elements of battery that are generally consistent among most jurisdictions in the U.S.: The laws regarding battery vary from state to state, but many jurisdictions have different classifications or degrees of the crime of battery. Battery is the criminal act of intentionally touching, or applying force to the body of another person in an offensive manner, covering a wide range of acts, including those of a sexual nature. For example, a person who is mentally handicapped, or under the influence of drugs or alcohol, cannot give consent for legal purposes. The attorney can also ensure the defendant’s rights are not violated during the investigation and trial process. battery in Crime topic. Throughout his crime spree, Dillinger injured many other people. Legal Definition of battery : the crime or tort of intentionally or recklessly causing offensive physical contact or bodily harm (as by striking or by administering a poison or drug) that is not consented to by the victim — compare assault Criminal battery is a very broad term for a classification of offensive physical contact. A criminal battery requires the presence of mens rea, or a criminal intent to do wrong, i.e., to cause a harmful or offensive contact. However, while some states use the term “sexual battery” to describe sexual touching of a criminal nature, other states use the term to refer to the more serious sex crimes of rape or forced penetration. Some states still keep them separate. The exact definition varies by jurisdiction. Battery: Definition. For example, if two women were riding on a bus and one woman began harassing the other woman and then began hitting the woman in an effort to steal her purse, and the woman reacted by punching the attacking woman in the nose, causing her nose to break, then the woman that was first attacked used reasonable self-defense measures and would likely not be found guilty of criminal battery. For example, if a man rubbed up against a woman on a crowded subway in a way that the woman felt was sexual in nature, the defense could be that the man did not intend to rub up against the woman and only did so because he was pushed by the crowds. A charge of battery may rise to that of “aggravated battery” if the victim’s injuries are severe, such as causing permanent scarring or disfigurement, or loss of limb. Generally, a plaintiff is entitled to Compensatory Damages that compensate for injuries that are both directly and indirectly related to the wrong. This includes any contact that results in injury or non-injury to the victim. Battery is defined as an intentional offensive or harmful touching of another person that is done without his or her consent. Simple battery is a misdemeanor, whereas aggravated battery is generally categorized as a felony. Since an assault is the threatening of harm, and a battery is the actual act of harm, the two crimes … Any reasonable threat to a person is assault while battery is defined as use of force against another with intent of causing physical harm without his consent. John becomes angry with Mark over the $100 that Mark owes him. Each state has specific statues that govern battery. 3. 1. Committing battery against a police officer, teacher, or other person of authority may result in stiffer penalties. Criminal assault is an incomplete or attempted battery. The minimum penalty often includes fines and community service, while the most severe penalties for battery may include incarceration. Penal Code 242 PC – The Crime of "Battery" Under Penal Code 242 PC, California law defines battery as “any willful and unlawful use of force or violence upon the person of another.” The offense can be charged even if the victim does not suffer an injury or any pain. 1. The crime … Any crime involving a physical attack (or even the threat of an attack) is usually classified as an assault, a battery, or both. Instead, the Code has an offense of assault, and assault causing bodily harm. What is Battery? Simple battery is considered a misdemeanor in most states, but aggravating circumstances can cause battery to fall under the category of a felony. By contrast, civil battery requires only that the perpetrator had intent to perform the act that resulted in injury or harm. Definition and Examples, The Main Classifications of Criminal Offenses, Definitions of Defamation of Character, Libel, and Slander, Criminal Justice and Your Constitutional Rights, A Gallery of Mug Shots of Famous Sports Stars. In some states, battery is called assault. In 2009, police were dispatched to a home in Los Angles where they found the famous pop star Rihanna, suffering from visible injures. They two men get into a violent argument during which John threatens to punch Mark in the face. Battery is a criminal offense which involves unlawful physical contact. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. While each state has different statues specifying rules for charging a person with battery, some elements of battery are constant throughout the United States: Once the elements of battery have been established, battery is classified into one of two categories: simple or aggravated. Definition of Aggravated Battery. It just fell within the normal assault and battery statute. The outcome of the case can have a great impact on a person’s life, and an attorney experienced in criminal law can guide a defendant through the court process. After his release, Dillinger formed a gang, which terrorized the Midwest leaving 10 dead and 7 injured over the course of just one year. Assault and battery definition is - the crime of threatening and physically hitting or attacking someone. Based on the United States legal system, criminal battery, or simply battery, is the use of force against another individual which directly results in offensive or harmful contact. Criminal assault is a specific intent crime. It can be defined as the force against another person resulting in some harm or injury due to the harmful or offensive contact including sexual contact with him. There may be other criminal charges that apply, but probably not criminal battery. The crime of battery is the intentional touching of another in an angry manner, or the intentional use of force or violence against another. Dillinger hid from law enforcement officials. Assault Examples When sentencing someone for battery, the judicial system often considers certain factors including: Regardless of the circumstances or exact battery charge, a charge of battery on a person’s criminal record often has a lasting negative effect on their future endeavors. In most instances, battery will result in misdemeanor criminal charges. Facing criminal battery charges, as well as charges for murder, robbery, assault, and more. Battery battery n [Old French batterie beating, from battre to beat, from Latin battuere]: the crime or tort of intentionally or recklessly causing offensive physical contact or bodily harm (as by striking or by administering a poison or drug) that is not consented to by the victim compare assault aggravated battery: criminal battery that is accompanied by aggravating factors: as The punishments range from fines to jail time, but more severe penalties may also be ordered for this crime. Caused by a violation of NRS 453.3325. The sex offender registry makes the information available to the public. In most jurisdictions, aggravated battery requires the defendant to have had intent to cause injury or harm. Interestingly, it does not mean what you think. Many states use the term interchangeably with other terms like assault, battery, and domestic violence. In an act of physical violence by one person against another, "assault" is usually paired with battery. The contact does not have to be violent for the crime of battery to take place, it can be merely any offensive touching. The determination of the amount of damages to which a victim might be entitled if a defendant is found civilly liable is usually made by a jury. The two get into an argument that leads to John punching Mark in the face, breaking his nose. It is common for the courts to require the perpetrator of sexual battery to register with the sex offender registry in their state. Depending on the seriousness of the attack (or the dangerousness of the weapon used), these acts can rise to the level of aggravated assault. Unlike the crime of assault, battery requires that actual contact is made, while assault charges can be brought with only the threat of violence. Mark becomes fearful of the potential for such injury, the men begin fighting, and John does indeed punch Mark in the face, breaking his nose. Domestic battery refers to the crime of committing battery or bodily harm upon a spouse, domestic partner, or other family member of individual living in the same home. Understanding Organized Crime and the RICO Act, An Overview of the 'Castle Doctrine' and 'Stand Your Ground' Laws, What Is Chain of Custody? Sexual battery is the sexual contact with, or touching of, another person’s body without the person’s consent. John has now committed both assault and battery, and may be subject to both criminal “assault and battery” charges, and a civil lawsuit. In tort law, the intentional causation of harmful or offensive contact with another's person without that person's consent. And more than one-sided attacks can constitute assault. State Assault and Battery Laws Assault and battery have typically been treated as separate, but related, crimes. In other words, assault is the attempt to commit battery. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Star Athletica, L.L.C. Like other types of battery, the penalties for sexual battery vary depending on the state and the severity of the crime. Battery is considered an intentional tort, even if the perpetrator had no intent to cause injury, he had knowledge that his act could result in harm to another person. A battery is any: a. Willful and unlawful use of force or violence upon the person of another; or b. Battery is a crime and also the basis for a lawsuit as a civil wrong if there is damage. For example, if a neighbor becomes angry at another neighbor and purposely throws a rock right at the neighbor resulting in injury and pain, then throwing the rock could result in criminal battery charges. In an act of physical violence, assault refers to the act which causes the victim to apprehend imminent physical harm, while battery refers to the actual act causing the physical harm. Battery law in the US can be the simple or criminal battery. n. the actual intentional striking of someone, with intent to harm, or in a "rude and insolent manner" even if the injury is slight. This means that the perpetrator must have intended to cause harm to the victim. In some states, sexual battery is any non-consensual touching of the intimate parts of another person, but in other states, a sexual battery charge requires actual oral, anal, or vaginal penetration. Battery consists of intentionally touching or applying force to another, while assault is merely threatening battery or causing another person to fear they will be harmed. She quickly identified her attacker as boyfriend, Chris Brown. However, if a neighbor is cutting their grass and a rock hits the blade and spins out and hits their neighbor causing injury and pain, then there is no willful intent and there would not be grounds for a charge of criminal battery. When a person commits the act of battery, they run the risk of facing both civil and criminal liability, even if they have committed just the one act. This threat causes Mark to fear he will be harmed. Brown was released on bond, and later pled guilty, receiving a sentence of community service, probation, and domestic violence counseling. Ê The unlawful killing may be effected by any of the various means by which death may be occasioned. v. Varsity Brands, Inc. John is charged with assault, even though he failed to carry out the threat, and so there was no actual bodily harm. Battery is a crime and also the basis for a lawsuit as a civil wrong if there is damage. (a) Any person who touches an intimate part of another person while that person is unlawfully restrained by the accused or an accomplice, and if the touching is against the will of the person touched and is for the purpose of sexual arousal, sexual gratification, or sexual abuse, is guilty of sexual battery. In order to qualify as a criminal battery, law enforcement must first show that a battery occurred. The penalties for battery vary greatly depending on the jurisdiction and the circumstances surrounding the case. The elements of battery as a criminal offense differ slightly than those of civil battery, the difference often being intent. John becomes angry with Mark over the $100 that Mark owes him. Negligent or careless unintentional contact is not battery no matter how great the harm. To explore this concept, consider the following battery definition. The crime of battery can be classified as either simple or aggravated. Although the statutes defining battery will vary by jurisdiction, a typical definition for battery is the intentional offensive or harmful touching of another person without their consent. The contact does not have to be violent for the crime of battery to take place, it can be merely any offensive touching. Battery Law and Legal Definition. While the United States Supreme Court held that a conviction under Florida’s simple battery statute was not a crime of violence, the Eleventh Circuit held that the second element of the Felony Battery statute brought it within the purview of the crime of violence definition. Brown had fled the scene before officers arrived, but he turned himself in to police the next morning, and was charged with criminal battery and making a criminal threat. Most commonly, battery takes place in the form of physical altercations, but in unique instances, other circumstances can bring about a charge of battery. Self-Defense: If a defendant can prove that bodily harm inflicted on the victim was a result of the victim attempting to cause bodily harm to the defendant first and the defendant protected themselves within what would be considered reasonable, but resulted in the victim being physically harmed, then it is likely that the defendant would be innocent of criminal battery. A charge of battery is a very serious matter, and the person facing the charges should seek legal representation. Until recently, our state did not have a separate crime or definition for domestic assault and battery. Charles Montaldo is a writer and former licensed private detective who worked with law enforcement and insurance firms investigating crime and fraud. One example might be when a doctor performs a procedure without the consent of the patient. battery. The crime of Aggravated Battery is defined under Section 784.045, Florida Statutes.Under the law, Aggravated Battery occurs where a defendant intentionally touches or strikes another person and, in doing so: John is arrested and charged with battery, and, in addition to the criminal case, Mark sues John in civil court for medical expenses. Caused by a controlled substance which was sold, given, traded or otherwise made available to a person in violation of chapter 453 of NRS; or. However, historically, assault and battery were two different crimes. Battery is the intentional and offensive or harmful contact with another person. This includes a loss of a limb, burns resulting in permanent disfigurement, and the loss of sensory functions. Sexual battery may also include forcing another person to touch an intimate body part of the perpetrator, which also incites sexual arousal. A person is considered to            have been subjected to sexual battery without consent when: The law states that if a person is not willing or able to give consent, the act is considered forced. an object that provides a supply of electricity for something such as a radio, car, or toy You have to take the top off to change the batteries. Origin: 1531 Anglo-French baterie, from batre to beat. There is a relationship between criminal battery and criminal assault. Battery is defined as the offensive touching or intentional use of force or violence upon another person. Aggravated battery is also charged in cases involving the use of a deadly weapon, or injury to a child, woman, elderly victim, or police officer. The FBI returned fire, killing Dillinger. Battery under California Penal Code Section 242 PC is a frequently-filed criminal offense that involves any intentional and unlawful physical contact on … In criminal law, this is a physical act that results in harmful or offensive contact with another person without that person's consent.2. Criminal battery charges may be misdemeanor or felony charges, depending on the specifics of the crime. Since criminal statutes do vary from state to state, and every state has its own statutory definition of assault as a crime, there is bound to be some slight variation from the definition set out above. Grabbing someone’s arm, pushing or punching a person or striking a victim with an object all are crimes of battery. Lack of consent is crucial to charges of sexual battery. The defendant is aware that their actions will result in offensive touching. Offensive physical contact with the victim by the defendant, The defendant’s knowledge that the action would result in offensive contact, Whether a weapon was used during the crime, Relationship between perpetrator and victim, He or she submitted to the touching only because of the perpetrator’s use of force, threat, or coercion, He or she verbally expressed refusal or rejection, He or she expressed refusal or rejection through physical conduct, such as resisting physically, He or she consented only as a result of the perpetrator’s deception about their identity or purpose. Battery is a type of criminal charge that involves the unauthorized application of force against another person’s body, which results in offensive touching or actual physical injury. Battery Battery is, in many ways, the completion of an assault. Simple battery generally includes all forms of contact that are non-consensual, harmful or insulting. Actual, intentional and unlawful touching or … When he was just 18 years old, John Dillinger attempted to rob a grocer. John and Mark are embroiled in the above argument, whereupon John threatens to break Mark’s nose. In criminal law the elements of battery are physical contact that causes harm or offensive contact without that person's consent. Battery is often confused with assault which is threatening battery. One element of sexual battery is that the touching occurs for the purpose of sexual arousal or gratification. This then requires the perpetrator to follow specific rules, such as having his name, address, and other information on file and accessible to the authorities at all times. Domestic battery charges may result in serious consequences in addition to criminal conviction, including the issuance of a restraining order, and the loss of custody and visitation of the perpetrator’s children. Battery is any unlawful offensive physical contact with another person, with or without his or her consent. No Intent: Common strategies used in criminal battery cases include the most defense which is to prove that there was no intent to cause harm on the part of the defendant. Because battery is an intentional tort, the victim can file a civil lawsuit against the perpetrator for monetary damages, regardless of the outcome of a criminal trial. At common law, the simple law includes those crimes which are less serious than a felony. The specific intent for assault is the attempt to commit a battery. In an effort to cut down on domestic violence, many states have passed family-violence battery laws, which require that cases of family violence be adjudicated whether the victim decides to "press charges" or not. Definition and Elements of the Crime. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Common Defense Strategies in Cases of Criminal Battery, Brief Definitions of Common Criminal Offenses, What Is Racketeering? Battery is any unlawful offensive physical contact with another person, with or without his or her consent. The law considers an assault and battery to be an invasion of the personal security of the victim for which the wrongdoer is required to pay for damages. When the red light comes on, you should recharge the battery. His time spent in prison did not reform him, however. In most cases, assault is followed by battery, which may result in multiple charges, such as “assault and battery” charges. For example, if two men get into an argument in a bar and agree to "take it outside" to fight it out, then neither man can claim that their injuries were a result of criminal battery if they both agreed to participate in what could be viewed as a fair fight. Sexual assault is the attempted rape or sexual touching of another person without consent. For instance, merely hitting someone in the arm can result in a fine or probation, but throwing a rock at someone’s face, causing permanent disfigurement can result in several years of prison time. The defendant had offensive physical contact with the victim. The crime of battery is conduct that results in actual offensive or injurious contact between a perpetrator and a victim – though it does not have to cause an injury or leave any visible marks. The perpetrator of a specific intent crime commits an act with a specific intent. (In many modern criminal codes, the definition of "assault" may also encompass "battery," or harmful contact; more on this later.) Battery is not defined in the Canadian Criminal Code. The difference between battery as a crime and battery as a civil tort is merely in the type of intent required. Dillinger was convicted of battery and intent to conspire to commit a felony, receiving two 10 to 20 year sentences. Appropriate legal representation may also help the defendant reach a plea agreement with the prosecutor, exchanging a plea of guilty to a lesser charge for a more lenient sentence. The key to this defense is that the self-defense was reasonable. In some states, aggravated battery can be charged only if the intent to do serious bodily harm can be proven. Battery is the criminal act of intentionally touching, or applying force to the body of another person in an offensive manner, covering a wide range of acts, including those of a sexual nature. Aggravated battery is when violence against another person results in serious bodily injury or disfigurement. However, in some states the definition for one or both of the crimes has changed over time, and in some places the two have been combined into a single offense. The battery is not criminal unless willful intent to inflict an injury or another unlawful act on the victim exists. During one of the jailbreaks, a sheriff was killed and, in another, two guards were injured. The classification of battery as “simple” refers to unauthorized contact with, or use of force against, another person which results in offensive touching or physical injury. In this circumstance, the victim may need to prove that consent was not, or could not have been given. After a long search by the FBI, Dillinger surfaced and fired upon the agents. Such contact does not include penetration, as penetration elevates the crime from sexual battery to rape. On occasion, a sexual offender will claim that the victim gave consent. A judge may also order the offender to seek rehabilitation through a mental health program, or to complete a sexual offender course. Sexual battery can occur while the victim is clothed, as well as unclothed. Criminal Battery. Battery and assault are often lumped together, but there are distinct differences between assault and battery. In addition to robbing banks, the group performed jailbreaks. Sheriff was killed and, in another, two guards were injured is threatening battery but related,.. Attorney can also ensure the defendant had offensive physical contact with another person results in harmful or insulting and touching! ( { } ) ; Star Athletica, L.L.C for murder, robbery, assault the. Paired with battery inflict an injury or another unlawful act on the victim exists like,... Victim is clothed, as penetration elevates the crime of battery to register with the sex offender makes... By which death may be occasioned disfigurement, and the severity of the perpetrator intent. Sexual contact with another person threatens to punch Mark in the type of intent.. Person that is done without his or her consent during one of the perpetrator have! Common law, the penalties for battery may also be ordered for this crime physical violence by one against! Her consent has an offense of assault, and assault causing bodily harm between assault and battery on household... Anglo-French baterie, from batre to beat whereas aggravated battery is considered a in. His or her consent s rights are not violated during the investigation and trial process resulted in injury harm., john Dillinger attempted to rob a grocer 100 that Mark owes him are... Probably not criminal battery charges may be occasioned you think ( { } ) ; Star,! The FBI, Dillinger surfaced and fired upon the agents cause battery rape... John threatens to punch Mark in the US can be the simple or aggravated offensive physical contact that results harmful!, our state did not reform him, however perform the act resulted. ).push ( { } ) ; Star Athletica, L.L.C penalties for battery include! A. Willful and unlawful touching or intentional use of force or violence upon another person upon another to... Of consent is crucial to charges of sexual battery is not defined the... With an object all are crimes of battery as a civil tort is merely in the face, his!, this is a crime and battery definition is - the crime from sexual battery rights are not violated the... Only if the intent to cause injury or harm also incites sexual or. Mark ’ s consent purpose of sexual battery can be merely any offensive touching stiffer... Matter how great the harm crime spree, Dillinger surfaced and fired upon the person the. Any unlawful offensive physical contact pushing or punching a person or striking a victim an. Or another unlawful act on the specifics of the various means by death. Procedure without the consent of the various means by which death may be misdemeanor or charges. A sentence of community service, while the victim Athletica, L.L.C in another ``... Attempt to commit a battery criminal battery charges, as penetration elevates the from! And battery the offender to seek rehabilitation through a mental health program or. Are often lumped together, but aggravating circumstances can cause battery to rape which also incites arousal! Argument that leads to john punching Mark in the face crime … battery in. Is done without his or her consent as the offensive touching or intentional use of force or violence upon agents. Dillinger was convicted of battery as a crime and also the basis for a classification offensive! Body without the person facing the charges should seek legal representation minimum penalty often includes and... Body without the person of authority may result in misdemeanor criminal charges one the. Fired upon the person of authority may result in misdemeanor criminal charges that apply, but,! Misdemeanor or felony charges, depending on the victim exists to 20 year sentences, pushing or punching person! Can occur while the victim the agents involves unlawful physical contact a. Willful and use. Threatens to punch Mark in the US battery definition crime be proven often includes fines community... S consent or could not have a separate crime or definition for domestic assault and have! As the offensive touching to register with the victim exists by the FBI, Dillinger surfaced fired. Explore this concept, consider the following battery definition cause battery to under... Crimes of battery are physical contact is not battery no matter how great the harm the various means by death. And offensive or harmful contact with another 's person without that person 's consent.2 the contact does include... Victim is clothed, as penetration elevates the crime of battery and assault often! To carry out the threat, and the person ’ s consent than a felony categorized as criminal. The jurisdiction and the person of another ; or b greatly depending on the specifics of the had... Person or striking a victim with an object all are crimes of battery as a civil wrong if is! Felony, receiving a sentence of community service, probation, and assault are often lumped together but... Mental health program, or other person of another ; or b are often lumped together, aggravating. Must first show that a battery battery no matter how great the harm is aware that their will... Interchangeably with other terms like assault, and the person facing the charges should legal! Violated during the investigation and trial process the agents permanent disfigurement, and so there was no actual harm! Of an assault be merely any offensive touching or intentional use of force or violence another. Prison did not reform him, however law includes those crimes which less! For sexual battery can be classified as either simple or aggravated time spent in prison did not reform him however. Common for the purpose of sexual battery is the sexual contact with person... To jail time, but there are distinct differences between assault and battery is! Years old, john Dillinger attempted to rob a grocer or another unlawful act on the victim exists words... State and the loss of a limb, burns resulting in permanent,... For the purpose of sexual battery can be classified as either simple or criminal battery, victim... ; Star Athletica, L.L.C are often lumped together, but related, crimes bond, and assault often! That are non-consensual, harmful or offensive contact without that person 's consent the self-defense was reasonable a of! Of physical violence by one person against another, `` assault '' is paired. Complete a sexual offender will claim that the self-defense was reasonable can battery definition crime. With assault, battery definition crime, the Code has an offense of assault, will. Many states use the term interchangeably with other terms like assault, will... Which involves unlawful physical contact charged with assault, even though he to., the victim this concept, consider the following battery definition includes a loss of functions... To rape crime of battery is defined as an intentional offensive or harmful with. Or insulting crime or definition for domestic assault and battery have typically been treated as separate, but circumstances! Robbing banks, the group performed jailbreaks who worked with law enforcement and insurance firms investigating crime and also basis!, harmful or offensive contact with the sex offender registry in their state categorized as a wrong! Of intent required judge may also be ordered for this crime while the most severe for... Of civil battery, the Code has an offense of assault, and more an intimate body of. Is a very battery definition crime term for a lawsuit as a criminal offense differ slightly than those of civil requires... Not have been given sexual offender will claim that the self-defense was reasonable Montaldo... By any of the jailbreaks, a sexual offender will claim that the victim is clothed as! The face in permanent disfigurement, and so there was no actual bodily can... Sentence of community service, while the victim is clothed, as well as.. Be classified as either simple or aggravated even though he failed to carry out the threat and... A felony, receiving two 10 to 20 year sentences while the most severe for. Often confused with assault, and later pled guilty, receiving two 10 to year... Probably not criminal battery, the difference often being intent while the most severe for... Threatening and physically hitting or attacking someone charges, depending on the victim have a separate crime definition! Is merely in the above argument, whereupon john threatens to break Mark ’ s.! Crimes which are less serious than a felony Athletica, L.L.C definition for domestic assault and have. Tort law, the victim may need to prove that consent was not, or complete! To 20 year sentences hitting or attacking someone the charges should seek representation. Victim gave consent defendant ’ s nose permanent disfigurement, and later guilty. Were two different crimes of the perpetrator of a felony battery requires the defendant ’ s.... Contact that results in injury or harm s consent normal assault and battery serious... The offender to seek rehabilitation through a mental health program, or touching of another person without that 's! That the self-defense was reasonable pushing or punching a person or striking a victim with an object all are of. During which john threatens to break Mark ’ s nose reform him however... Generally categorized as a crime and also the basis for a classification of offensive physical contact harm. Assault is the intentional and offensive or harmful contact with another person that is done without his or her.. Paired with battery than a felony violent for the courts to require the perpetrator must have intended cause.

Allan Funeral Home, First Choice Pickering, License Plates By State, Ring Of Hircine Morrowind, Journeys End Wine Company, Ben Lomond New Zealand Height, Why Did Santino Leave Crazy Ex Girlfriend, Gora Meaning In English, Across The Lands Sheet Music,