Oregon Trail In this time their was only one main way to get across the Mountains, which was the Oregon trail. Painting by William Henry Jackson, titled Independence Rock on the Mormon Trail depicting numerous wagons in a field with Independence Rock in the background. http://www.americanwest.com/trails/pages/mormtrl.htm, http://www.lightplanet.com/mormons/daily/history/1844_1877/handcart_eom.htm, http://www.lds.org/gospellibrary/pioneer/02_Nauvoo.html. (Photo by Fotosearch/Getty Images). On February 4th, 1846, Samuel Brannan took two hundred and thirty-eight men, women and children aboard the Brooklyn to sail from New York City to Yerba Buena  (San Francisco). Trail History Utah Crossroads Chapter. Apr 25, 2016 - Early emigrants traveled to and through Wyoming on their westward expansion. At line six of Oregon trail it reads, "Many believe that without the dog most of the American west would today be … Pratt’s message stated: …we do not want one saint left in the United States. Reasons for westward expansion. The arrival in San Francisco of the Mormon emigrants doubled the population. This interactive map tells all about the Oregon, California, Santa Fe, and Mormon Trails. Ferries were established to help finance the Mormon migration. For one group, the Mormons, westward expansion was closely linked with religious beliefs. Smith’s successor, Brigham Young, proposed a 1,300-mile (2,100-km) exodus to the west. The company had seventy-two wagons, ninety-three horses, fifty-two mules, sixty-six oxen, nineteen cows, seventeen dogs, and some chickens. Seventy thousand Mormons traveled over the trail during this period. William Clayton also made a guided book for people who would come across Utah. Home War of 1812 Mexican American War California Gold Rush Missouri Compromise Impact on Native Americans Oregon Trail Mormon Trail Santa Fe Trail Extras Work Cited Westward Expanison. …For gravel: wild rose berries boiled long. Mathew had his fourth birthday in August of 1851, while walking to Utah. The vast majority of the Missouri Mormons resettled in Nauvoo, Illinois…my great-great-great grandparents Patty and David Sessions lost twelve hundred dollars in land and four hundred dollars in livestock and corn when they were driven from Missouri in 1838. The use of the Oregon-Mormon trail by the Mormons lasted from 1847 to 1869. The scientific equipment included two sextants, one circle of reflection, two artificial horizons, two barometers, several thermometers, and telescopes. …For gravel: dropsy and for fits: Indian hemp root. For the next seven years, Mormon converts came to Nauvoo, Illinois. Winter Quarters was in the area of present day Omaha, Nebraska. Among the hundreds of pioneers leaving Nauvoo, Patty delivered nine babies on the bank of the Mississippi River. I have never been, a church going Mormon, but I am extremely proud of my ancestors and their accomplishments. This was cheaper than traveling by ship. Expansion Trails. After Mormon leader Joseph Smith was murdered by a mob in 1844, church members realized that their settlement at Nauvoo was becoming increasingly untenable. By mid-February the exodus from Nauvoo was underway. Thus, they walked (quoted in B. H. Roberts, A Comprehensive History of the Church, 3:89-90). …Eye water cure: wrap two eggs in a wet cloth and roast them till quite hard, then grate or grind them fine, add half ounce white vitriol, mix it well together, add one pint of warm rain or snow water and keep it warm for three hours, after stirring or shaking it. This military directive forced a Mormon exodus from Missouri of approximately ten thousand men, women and children. Below the map is an online scavenger hunt. Chauncey Loveland a fifth generation grandfather was a member of the Pioneer Company. The second wagon train of 1847 consisted of six hundred and sixty wagons with 124 horses, 9 mules, 2,213 oxen, 887 cows, 358 sheep, 35 hogs, and 716 chickens (City of Bountiful, Leslie Foy). At Casper, Wyoming the trails left the North Platte valley and followed the Sweetwater River valley and … The original thirteen colonies of the United States were settled along … …Heart-burn: Laudanum, carbonate soda, ammonia, sweet oil, camphor. People actually go on the trail and try to understand what the pioneers went through. Learn about the Mormon Trail at the California Trail Interpretive Center. The purpose of the trail was to let the mormon escape. Westward Expansion Trails & the Oregon Trail. This trail goes through 5 states and was able to finally find the Great Valley in Salt Lake City, Utah. Also for milk leg inflammation or sweating. Below is an interactive map of America's Emigrant Trails during Westward Expansion. Westward Expansion Trails. The growth of Mormon communities helped to spread agriculture to the West. Westward Expansion Trails Last updated October 27, 2020. Format: Online Activity President James Polk is elected in 1845 on the promise that he will pursue westward expansion. My great-great grandfather, Perrigrine Sessions traveled the one thousand and thirty-two miles from Winter Quarters to the Salt Lake Valley in 1847. It took the group about three months and one week to make the trip from Winter … Some 3,000 of them pulled handcarts. She died at the age of ninety-seven. Over the five year period of the Mormon Handcarts companies, two thousand, nine hundred and sixty-two immigrants walked over the Mormon Trail, Wagon Odometer – Scott’s Bluff National Monument, “an extensive scenery open before us, we could not refrain from a shout of joy which almost involuntarily escaped from our lips the moment this grand and lovely scenery was within our view.”. Famous emigrant trails are the Oregon Trail, the Santa Fe Trail, the Mormon Trail, and the California Trail. The Mormon Trail article was written by Ned Eddins of Afton, Wyoming. The Westward Expansion Louisiana Purchase & Lewis and Clark War of 1812 Mormon Trail Mormon Trail Journal Entry Mexican American War California Gold Rush Compromise of 1850 Impact on Women Timeline Growth Map Citations Journal Entry February 10th, 1846 Dear Diary, We have been traveling for 6 … Today the Mormon Trail is a part of the United States national trails systems, as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. For the Pioneer Party, Brigham Young and his advisers sought builders, mechanics, masons, and resolute men to form the Mormon vanguard that would push the frontier beyond the Rocky Mountains. 16 Westward Expansion History Hub. During this time, Dr. Treloar delivered just over three thousand babies in a predominately. The Mormon religion was founded by Joseph Smith, who had visions as a teenager. The proposed state boundaries were set at: Oregon on the north, Green River on the east, Mexico on the south, and the Sierra Nevada on the west, including a portion of the Southern California seacoast…there are several variations to this map, but regardless, if approved the State of Deseret would have been the first or second largest state in the Union. Winter Quarters population was close to four thousand. Simply click on a trail location to learn all about it. In a migration that paralleled the early westward movement of the American population, Smith led his followers, the LatterDay Saints (or Mormons), from … LEQ: How did the Westward Expansion transform the nation? About one-third immigrated to Oregon, one-third to … Ferries were established to help finance the Mormon migration. Jump to navigation Jump to search. To view a representative sample of the pictures on the CDs, click on…. See more ideas about oregon trail, wyoming, westward expansion. The Winds of Change CD contains different pictures than those on the Mountains of Stone CD. Brigham Young gathered all the information possible on the Salt Lake Valley and the Great Basin while in Nauvoo and later at Winter Quarters. There were two tribes shoshone and cheyenne they got along great with the mormons. The rapid growth of church membership, financial success of both members and the Mormon church, polygamy, and a well armed militia (Nauvoo Legion), fueled the intolerance by non-Mormons. The Mormon Trail extends from Nauvoo, Illinois to Salt lake city, Utah, it was founded by Mormons to escape religious precaution, and abuse because of there non orthodox ways, that some Illinoisans saw. In the American Old West ... Also branching off to the south was the Mormon Trail from Nauvoo, Illinois to Salt Lake City, Utah Territory. As people began to move west, many pioneers took trails such as the California Trail, the Oregon Trail, and the Mormon Trail. To return to the Home Page Article Links Link Bars click on Mountain Man logo. To email a comment, a question, or a suggestion click on Mountain Man. The Mormons built many boats for rivers like the Platte, Elk Horn, and Loup Rivers. The journey is called the Mormon Trail which covered over 1,300 miles. ... and so where the rest of the trails that led west. These towns were built to serve as way stations and re-supply points for the Mormons to follow. Between 1846 and 1869, some 70,000 Mormons traveled west on the trail. When ordering Mountains of Stone, request the CD and I will send it free with the book. Westward Trails Interactive Map. The winter crossing of the rivers, streams, creeks and bogs of Iowa was the hardest part of the Mormon migration. The Mormon Trail contributed to westward expansion and the fulfillment of Manifest … westward from the original thirteen colonies across the country during the 19th century. The Mormon migration was not a blind, wandering trek across the Plains. During the twenty-five years 1841–1866, 250,000 to 650,000 people "pulled up stakes," and headed west along these trails. Over the next two years, more than one hundred buildings were constructed by the new emigrants laying the foundation for the boomtown to develop during the California gold rush. 2002. The hatred and bigotry continued. Despite Samuel Brannan and some mountain men advising against the semi-arid valley, Brigham Young’s insisted the Mormons settle a place no one else wanted. Let every branch in the east, west, north, and south be determined to flee by either land or sea. Answer the … There are no banner adds, no pop up adds, or other advertising, except my books — To keep the site this way, your support is appreciated. This trail started because of the name, Mormons. Leaving their Missouri farm in the depths of winter, they stayed at one place on the road for fourteen days with nothing to eat but parched corn. Beginning in 1846, thousands of Mormons traversed a Westward Expanison. You can find out more in our encyclopedia. Besides driving the ox team, Patty kept a complete day diary, delivered babies, and treated the sick. Between 1846 and 1869, some 70,000 Mormons traveled west on the trail. The best website pictures, and others from Jackson Hole, Yellowstone, and Star Valley, Wyoming, have been put on a CD. One of Perrigrine’s wives, Sarah Crossley, came to Utah in 1856 with the. The French were the first Europeans to reach the Platte. From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. strain it through a fine thick flannel and bottle it up for use. The US population grew to 24 million people by 1850. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. There is a great deal more general Mormon trail trivia in the. These people were called emigrants or pioneers. California Gold Rush. Wyoming, USA, date unknown. The Mormon Trail extends from Nauvoo, Illinois to Salt lake city, Utah, it was founded by Mormons to escape religious precaution, and abuse because of there non orthodox ways, that some Illinoisans saw. Mormon Trail (True Books: Westward Expansion) | Landau, Elaine | ISBN: 9781417826476 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. When  Church Authorities petitioned Congress for a new state, they requested the state be named Deseret. Driven by Persecution Most people from the East and Midwest traveled west via overland trails. Upon reaching the Missouri River, settlements were started on both sides of the river Kanesville (Council Bluffs) on the Iowa side and Winter Quarters on the west side. My own ancestors watched their homes and farms burn as they were driven out of Far West, Missouri and  Nauvoo, Illinois. A range of push and pull factors led to the settlement of the American West. There have been many requests for copies of pictures from the website. The Mormons chose Salt Lake region of Utah as their destination. Oregon Trail Pony Express Battle of the Alamo Timeline of Westward Expansion: Frontier Life Cowboys Daily Life on the Frontier Log Cabins People of the West Daniel Boone Famous Gunfighters Sam Houston Lewis and Clark Annie Oakley James K. Polk Sacagawea Thomas Jefferson: Works Cited. Congress turned down the proposed State of Deseret, primarily because of the practice of polygamy. Roots of Manifest Destiny. Permission is given for material from this site to be used for school research papers. Pisgah) were built and crops planted by the first wagon trains. There were buffalo on the trail … Unlike most wagon trains, the Mormons did not use any Mountain Man guides. Quia Class Page Westward Expansion. 1841: Oregon Trail - People begin to travel west in wagon trains on the Oregon Trail. Mormon Trail: The Mormon Trail was a 1,300-mile journey through arid plains and high mountains from Nauvoo, Illinois to Salt Lake City, Utah. The Pioneer Company (Camp of Israel) consisted of one hundred and forty-three men, three women, and two children. A monument was erected in 1995 in front of the post office on the corner of Main and Center streets in Bountiful, Utah to honor Perrigrine Sessions. The trail crossed parts of five states: Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Utah. (article name) Thefurtrapper.com. (3200 km) long. The trail crossed parts of five states: Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Utah. This great video below helps you understand what it really was like to be on the mormon trail. The Mormon Trail contributed to westward expansion and the fulfillment of Manifest Destiny. The Mormon religion was founded by Joseph Smith on April … Ten handcart companies made the journey from Iowa City and  Florence (1857-1860), Nebraska to the Salt Lake Valley. In Oregon, they competed with Jesuits hoping to convert natives to Catholicism. Click on any of the trails, and then any of the stops along the trails to learn about them. More. Perrigrine and his family spent the winter of 1847-48 with their wagon backed up to the bank of Big Hollow (250 West 2nd North in present day Bountiful). Westward expansion questions. Around 300,000 people would take the trail over the next 20 years. …For jaundice: Take one tablespoonful of castile soap shavings, mixed with sugar, for three mornings; then miss three until it has been taken nine mornings a sure cure. Political. This collection contains scanned images of diaries, maps, and other primary documents of the Mormon pioneers. The Westward expansion: The Westward Expansion Louisiana Purchase & Lewis and Clark War of 1812 Mormon Trail Mormon Trail Journal Entry Mexican American War California Gold Rush Compromise of 1850 Impact on Women Timeline Growth Map Citations Journal Entry February 10th, 1846 Dear Diary, We have been traveling for 6 days now. Some 3,000 of them pulled handcarts. The Mormon pioneers not only “made the desert bloom”, they did it without government funding. The Mormons built many boats for rivers like the Platte, Elk Horn, and Loup Rivers. American Westward Migration; A digital collection put together by the J. Willard Marriot Library at the University of Utah. 1845: Manifest Destiny - Journalist John O'Sullivan first uses the term "Manifest Destiny" to describe the westward expansion of … Mormon settlers began a westward exodus, escaping persecution, in the 1830s. Westward Trails Interactive Map Description: This interactive map tells all about the Oregon, California, Santa Fe, and Mormon Trails. The … P. G. Sessions – Southeast Corner Independence Rock. Like the other westward-bound emigrants, the Mormons settlers were hoping for a better life, and more importantly to them, religious freedom. Mormon pioneers traveling over the trail improved it and built support facilities for those to follow. … Settlers following these 'Westward ways' were spurred by various motives, among them including persecuted Mormons seeking freedom of religion. Most were buried in unmarked graves in Kansas, Nebraska, and Wyoming. …For vomiting: Six drops laudanum, the size of a pea of soda, two teaspoons of peppermint essence, four cups water; take a tablespoonful at a time until it stops it; if the first does, don’t repeat it. Conditions were difficult and homesteaders and other settlers had to solve a … Some of the Indian … This is a map of how they went about in the states. Over the next ten years, thousands of Mormons traveled by wagon train over the Mormon-Oregon trail to the new “Land of Zion”. The purpose of the Mormon Trail was to travel from East to West. The Mormon Trail extends form Nauvoo, Illinois to Salt Lake City, Utah. The Great Salt Lake area met the requirement in all respects. Upon arriving in Utah, “Mother Sessions” delivered the first male baby born in the Salt Lake Valley. The main route of the Oregon Trail stopped at the Hudson's Bay Company Fort Hall , a major resupply route along the trail near present-day Pocatello and where the California Trail split … Inadequate shelter and food at Winter Quarters during the winter of 1846-47 resulted in approximately four hundred Mormons dying of malaria, scurvy, dysentery, and a host of other unidentified ailments. In 1855, the name of the settlement was changed from Sessionsville to Bountiful. Four groups of people paid as great a price as anyone to live in America….Native Americans, Scots-Irish, Chinese, and Mormons. The pictures make beautiful screensavers, or can be used as a slide show in Windows XP. This religion spread very fast in numbers. The Mormon Trail was founded by none other than the Mormons themselves. The pay of the battalion, seventy thousand dollars, helped fund the. THE IMAGES OF THE WESTWARD EXPANSION. William Clayton also made a guided book for … Mails Of The Westward Expansion 1803 To 1861. Between 1847 and 1854, every Grandfather and Grandmother in my direct-line ancestry traveled over the Mormon Trail (thirty-two in all). 14.2.4: The Mormon Trek. They even all wagons for days! The Mormon trail is 1300 miles and started in Nauvoo, Illinois . Westward Expansion Mormon Trail Map 12 Manifest Destiny The American Yawp. The War of 1812. The Oregon Trail, the longest of the overland routes used in the westward expansion of the United States, was first traced by colonizers and fur traders for traveling to the Oregon Country. While jailed in Carthage, Illinois, the leader of the Mormon Church, Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum, were killed by a mob on June 27, 1844. Jump to: navigation, search. The Mormons (PBS) As part of the American Experience Series, this is an interactive map that traces the Mormons' migration to Utah. The persecution of Mormons led them to leave their home and set out west. Many thing happened during Westward Expansion, but the had to have ways to get to them and they were the trails, specifically the Oregon, the Santa Fe, and the Mormon trail. In December of 1846, Winter Quarters boasted five hundred and thirty-two log homes, eighty-three sod houses, and an untold number of tents and wagons used for shelter. While crossing Iowa, several settlements (Garden Grove, Mt. The longest trip taken by a Mormon wagon train was Brigham Young’s 1847 vanguard company. Each trail had it’s own challenges and … Simply click on a trail location to learn all about it. Mountain Men and a Jesuit missionary, Father Pierre de Smet stopped at Winter Quarters; they provided useful information about the Great Salt Lake Valley. The Mormon Trail was a huge help to this expansion. My great-great-great grandparents, David and Patty Sessions were called to go with the first company to clear a road between Nauvoo, Illinois and the Missouri River. Although also considered part of the Mormon Trail, the grave of Rebecca Winters is one of the few marked ones left. Many of them stopped to help establish the towns and farms in Iowa, but eventually all were headed for the Salt Lake Valley. Image from http://www.legendsofamerica.com/we-mormontrail.html. The Mormon Battalion Desertusa. © 2021 The Fur Trade. The Westward Expansion Trails. Also they faced an on-going attack of anti-Mormon propaganda and sometimes complete … By the middle of May (1846), it was estimated sixteen thousand Mormons had left Nauvoo and crossed the Mississippi River. After the end of the Mexican-American War in 1849, there were many new enticing American conquests. In a letter addressed to U.S. President James K. Polk in 1846, Brigham Young gave notice of the farewell: We would esteem a territorial government of our own as one of the richest boons of earth, and while we appreciate the Constitution of the United States as the most precious among the nations, we feel that we had rather retreat to the deserts, islands or mountain caves than consent to be ruled by governors and judges whose hands are drenched in the blood of innocence and virtue, who delight in injustice and oppression. It was used by mormons to escape from religious persecution (punishment). By 1856, the number of Mormon converts reached the point where wagon trains … By 1846, mob violence forced the church leadership to announce the Mormons would leave Nauvoo for the West. Home Trails Manifest Destiny and Lewis and Clark Sponsors The Mormon Trail . 1850 Compromise. The first years of the Church, Mormons moved often, because they were searching for the place to "found God's kingdom" which was a pull factor since they were drawn to leaving the place they originated at. The three women were Harriet Page Wheeler Young (wife of Lorenzo D. Young), Clarissa Decker Young (wife of Brigham Young) and Ellen Saunders Kickball (wife of Heber C. Kimball). Texas Annexation (1845) The United States tried to purchase Texas from Mexico in 1827 and again in 1829, but both times Mexico refused to sell. Orson Pratt, a member of the church’s Council of Twelve Apostles sent a message to Mormons throughout the eastern and middle states, urging them to join the western migration. The migration of the Mormons began as a mission for religious freedom and growth. Home Santa Fe Trail California Trail Bozeman Trail Oregon Trail Mormon Trail Sources Mormon Trail. Patty was given the responsibility of midwifery. On this day in 1846, Young abandoned Nauvoo and began leading 1,600 Mormons west across the frozen Mississippi in subzero temperatures to a temporary refuge at Sugar Grove, Iowa. Drink the tea. To put this number of deliveries in perspective, Dr. O. L. Treloar practiced (only doctor during World War II) in Afton (Star Valley), Wyoming for over thirty years. Three negroes accompanied the Pioneer Party, Green Flake, Hark Lay, and Oscar Crosby. Thousands of travelers on the combined California, Oregon, and Mormon Trails succumbed to cholera between the years of 1849 and 1855. Mormon pioneers traveling over the trail improved it and built support facilities for those to follow. 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