They also recognized clans, kinship groups that traced their heritage to a common ancestor through the female line. The other was the Tejas or Hasinais Caddo who lived around present day Nacogdoches. He saw that the white people would disappear, and that dead Indians would rise and live forever, and that the once plentiful buffalo would return. There shape resembled a beehive and could have a diameter of up to 45 feet (13.7 meters). The Caddos were the most advanced Native American culture in Texas. LaRue Parker – Former tribal chairperson Jereldine “Jeri” Redcorn, aka Bah-ha Nutte, (meaning “River Woman) (born 1939-) – A Caddo-Potawatomi artist who single-handedly revived traditional Caddo pottery. The traditional homes were made of grass supported by a framework of poles. Dr. Mary Dowd - Updated December 11, 2018 . See more ideas about native american indians, native american photos, native american history. The Caddo lived in several tribal groups in southwest Arkansas and nearby areas of Texas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma from A.D. 1000 to about A.D. 1800. Peyote had a part in sacred Caddo rituals for centuries before the first Native … Ten months later the Secretary of the Interior issued a Charter of incorporation to the Caddo Tribe of Oklahoma. The Texas Caddo Indians: A history of the Caddo Indians in Texas, with many pictures. Caddo Nation, 2013; 1840s-1850s. Every Caddo meeting, large or small, every meal, every dance or other gathering begins with prayer. The present day Caddo Tribe includes the remnants of the Anadarko Tribe (from "Nadako, their own name), the Hasinai, Kadohadacho, the Natchitoches, and many more bands of the Caddo Confederacy. The women of the tribe generally had long hair which they would wear in a bun. Caddo County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma.As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,600. The Caddo were a group of about 25 Native North American tribes that originally lived in the area that is now Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. All documents must be provided for assistance to be considered. Karankawa Indians. KIOWA INDIANS. The Caddos came to East Texas from the Mississippi Valley around 800 A.D. Their territory included parts of Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana and East Texas. The Caddo Indians were farming people. Tribe History: Fourteen Adai Caddo families moved away from their original homelands and migrated with the Spanish to reestablish the Capital of Texas at Bexar (known today as San Antonio, Texas), after closing the former Presidio de Los Adais that served as the capital of Texas for almost 50 years that was located in the Texas and Louisiana regions but soon returned to join their tribe. Traditional foods included corn, beans, deer, buffalo, and fish. Students were expected to show the tribe that they chose (Powhatan, Lakota, or Pueblo), along with that tribe's region, habitat, food, climate, occupation, and method of transportation. The tribes first encounter with Europeans was in 1542 when they encountered a Spanish expedition in what is now southwest Arkansas. Caddos Caddos Region Texas Region: They lived in the Southern Plains. Meet the Caddo | Mounds of Mystery | Village Life | Living in Grass Houses | Traces of the Past | Credits & Sources . The first primary inhabitants around Caddo Lake were the Caddo Indians. Facts for Kids. Some moved into Indian Territory, while others traveled west into the upper Brazos River drainage. The men would generally wear breechcloths and occasionally leather leggings for protecting their legs. Artistically, Caddo Indians are most famous for their ornate pottery, which is made in a variety of styles. One important figure in both stories and religion for the Caddo is "Caddi Ayo" or "Sky Chief," the tribe's creator god, while Coyote is a common trickster figure. Caddo owed its growth to the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway (MK&T, or Katy), which built a line through the Choctaw Nation in 1872. They were descendants of the Caddoan Mississippian culture that constructed huge earthwork mounds at several sites in this territory. On the 17th day of the new year of 1938, surviving adult members of the old Caddo Nation's three branches—Caddo, Hasinai,Natchitoches—voted to accept Constitution and By-laws of the Caddo Indian Tribe of Oklahoma. The Caddo Nation has its own government, laws, police, and other services. Related. The land, jointly owned by the three tribes, is now a 487-acre reservation spread throughout Grady, Canadian, and Caddo counties. Caddo peoples traced descent through the maternal (mother's) line, as was still reflected by kinship terms recorded as late as the early 1900s. Aujourd'hui les Caddos forment une tribu unique avec leur capitale à Binger dans l'Oklahoma. some of their main food. The introductory video also details how prehistoric members of the Adai Caddo tribe were hunters and farmers who originated from Texas. Houses: Did not live in tepees.They lived in tall beehive shaped grass houses. Tweet . Their weapons included bow and arrows and clubs made out of wood and bone. The Caddo people who lived nea… The vote was 314 for, 38 against. Religious Ceremonies of the Caddo Tribe. Few people can say their family came to America hundreds of years ago. Aujourd'hui les Caddos forment une tribu … Applicants must be an enrolled member of the Caddo Nation, 18 years of age, and head of household. Painting by Fred Cleveland. Caddo Indians Facts - Homes and Villages. The Karankawa. The Caddo Confederacies of East Texas: Data on the history of the Caddo tribes and their ancestors. Caddo Parish, Louisiana Language. All documents must be provided for assistance to be considered. For protection, walls made out of logs were often constructed around the village. As a culminating activity for our Native American unit, students were asked to create a shoebox diorama. Email . In the late 17th century they numbered approximately 8,000 persons living in villages scattered along the Red River and its tributaries. 96.57% of Caddo Parish, Louisiana residents speak only English, while 3.43% speak other languages. Housing: The caddos lived in little huts made of dried grass and hay. Prehistoric Texas. Examples of religious ceremonies, some of which still exist today, include the ghost dance and lengthy funeral services followed by internment in a … Their ancestors historically inhabited much of what is now East Texas, Louisiana, and portions of southern Arkansas and Oklahoma. Sometimes with leather leggings. Une constitution tribale, adoptée en 1938 et révisée en 1976, définit un conseil tribal consistant en huit membres dont un président et basé à Binger dans l'Oklahoma. As they came into contact with European settlers and traders they would start wearing some European styled clothing like jackets and dresses. En 1859, l'État du Texas déporta les Caddos survivants de leur territoire sur une réserve en Oklahoma, et en 1874 les Caddos s'unifièrent officiellement en tant que tribu distincte. The Caddo have the proud distinction of descending from ancestors who arrived around 700 A.D. Caddo Native Americans Geography: They live in the southern Plains, particularly Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana most Caddo people today live in Oklahoma. In the ensuing century and a half, the Caddo Nation has maintained autonomy as a sovereign tribal nation with its own unique set of songs and dances, material culture, and language. On trouve des populations significatives en Arkansas, en Louisiane, en Oklahoma et au Texas. Caddo Language Resources Our Online Caddo Materials Caddo Vocabulary: Our list of vocabulary words in the Caddo language, with comparison to … The Caddos were the most advanced Native American culture in Texas. To say that I was … Caddo men often wore their hair in Mohawks, while women wore their hair in buns. Aujourd'hui, les Caddos parlent une seule langue caddo, parallèlement avec l'anglais. The traditional homes were made of grass supported by a framework of poles. In October 1872 Big John Scullin and his Irish laborers laid the first track into the site. Plus au Nord, les premiers explorateurs français arpentant cette région de la Louisiane française, entrèrent en contact avec le chef des Caddos, dénommé Roi Campti. Karrankawas Caddos - How they Lived Texas Region Clothing: The men wore breechcloths. Caddo Indians enter written history in chronicles of the Hernando de Soto expedition, which describe encounters during the Spanish passage through southwest Arkansas. The Caddo Indians. In the late 1800s many Caddo joined the Ghost Dance religion which was a popular religion among the Native Americans living in the Southeast and other regions of the United States at that time. Les Nachitoches habitaient aux alentours de Natchitoches (Louisiane), qui était à l'origine un établissement caddo, et dans la vallée de la rivière Cane. I hope you find the site informative and useful in your genealogical research. They also used bows and arrows to hunt deer, bear, and small game animals. See Kadohadacho Tribe. A less common house was made of brush covered by mud and supported by poles. What did the Caddo tribe eat?The food that the Caddo tribe ate included their crops of corn, beans, squash and pumpkin. Les Haisinais vivaient sur un domaine s'étendant de Nacogdoches (Texas), qui était à l'origine un établissement caddo, à la rivière Neches. Caddo Tribe . Its county seat is Anadarko. John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1996). The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.70% of the population. The Caddo organized themselves in 1938 as the Caddo Tribe of Oklahoma. The Caddo got most of their food by farming. https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caddos&oldid=148951775, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. At the height of their mound-building culture - around 1200 A.D. - the Caddos numbered 250,000 people. La tribu Caddo d'Oklahoma est une tribu reconnue au niveau fédéral. Print . The other was the Tejas or Hasinais Caddo who lived around present day Nacogdoches. Elle envisage actuellement de changer son nom officiel en Nation Caddo d'Oklahoma. Katy engineer Ben Munson staked out Caddo Station. History. The following Caddo history timeline details facts, dates and famous landmarks of the people. Dehahuit was the great chief of the Caddo Indians who lived in what is now southwest Arkansas, western Louisiana and eastern Texas in the early 19th century. Caddo Tribe Culture and History Related links about the Caddo nation past and present. Caddo Indian History. Traditional foods included corn, beans, deer, buffalo, and fish. Caddo Tribe: Article on Caddo history and culture. Caddo Indians of Texas. Les tribus caddos étaient divisées en trois confédérations, qui étaient liées par une langue commune : les Hasinais, les Cadodaquious et les Natchitoches. Les Hasinais et les Kadohadachos occupaient l'est du Texas et les Natchitoches le nord-ouest de la Louisiane. An upright log mortar for pounding corn usually stood near their dwellings. Welcome to the website for the Wichita and Caddo Nation of the OK/ITGenWeb, a part of the USGenWeb Project. The Caddo Indians have deep roots in the United States. Moth men and women wore moccasins on their feet. Les Kadohadachos s'étaient établis sur le domaine entre le lac Caddo et la rivière Rouge. John Wilson (Caddo) was instrumental in bringing the Ghost Dance to the Caddo, was also a peyote roadman and originator of the Big Moon Ceremony. The Caddos came to East Texas from the Mississippi Valley around 800 A.D. Their territory included parts of Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana and East Texas. They had roofs made out of either grass or bark. Tribe History: Fourteen Adai Caddo families moved away from their original homelands and migrated with the Spanish to reestablish the Capital of Texas at Bexar (known today as San Antonio, Texas), after closing the former Presidio de Los Adais that served as the capital of Texas for almost 50 years that was located in the Texas and Louisiana regions but soon returned to join their tribe. Caddo History: What happened to the Caddo tribe? Buntin Williams knows and practices the old way as leader of the Caddo Native American Church. The several Caddo dialects have converged into a single language. The Reddit post that inspired this video is at: https://www.reddit.com/r/eu4/comments/5ibbou/why_caddo_is_secretly_the_second_best_nation_in/This is … World of the Caddo. This has always been the Caddo way. The Caddo Nation is a confederacy of several Southeastern Native American tribes. this picture features their houses. One major Caddo tribe was the Kadohadacho. Austin: Texas A&M University Press, 1996. “My tribe has been making pottery for thousands of years,” she says. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Caddo Nation, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Halfmoon’s tribe—the Caddo tribe—also has a rich history with ceramics, especially with pottery. Caddo is an endangered language because most children are not learning it anymore. European missionaries brought with them disease such as smallpox and malaria for which the Caddo had no immunity. According to Caddo lore, the tribe always selected sites near turkey roosts for their villages and not simply because of the game they provided. Several of the lakes and streams connected with this river bear Caddo names, as do some of the counties and some of the towns which cover ancient village sites. Swanton, John R. Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians. In 1963 land in Oklahoma was restored to the Caddo, Wichita, and Delaware tribes. When the Spaniards crossed the threshold to Caddo country on June 20, 1542, they entered a nation uniquely distinguished by language, social structure, tradition, and way of life. They built their villages on the fertile lands along the Red River. Les Caddos se composaient historiquement de trois confédérations d'au moins 25 tribus différentes et parlaient une variété de dialectes des langues caddoanes. Les Caddos ont été progressivement poussés vers l'ouest jusqu'à ce qu'ils atteignent l'ouest de l'Oklahoma. Caddo Indians of Texas. Their weapons included bow and arrows and clubs made out of wood and bone. This was because they were a successful agricultural tribe, so they would had to stay to the crops to grow. Today, most Caddos live in western-style houses or apartments and wear more generic American clothing, except during ceremonial events. Cool Links | Research TBH . When archeologists study sites today, this pottery is key in identifying whether it was the Caddo who lived there. Caddo TImeline. Traditionally these Indians traveled by foot and would use dogs pulling sleds to transport things. The name Caddo comes from the Indian word Kadohadacho, which means "true chiefs". Jul 28, 2012 - Explore Native American Encyclopedia's board "Caddo", followed by 17549 people on Pinterest. Caddo Indians of Texas. Caddo men hunted for deer, buffalo, and small game and went fishing in the rivers. Dee Ann Story, Cultural History of the Native Americans, in Archeology and Bioarcheology of the Gulf Coast Plain (Research Series No. “It’s such an ancient material, and I think of how my family before me did this. this picture shows pumpkins, corn, beans, and sunflowers. In 1938, under the provisions of the Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act of 1936, the Kadohadacho, the Hasinai, the Hainai, and others constituted themselves with the establishment of the government known as the Caddo Indian Tribe of Oklahoma. Today these Native American people live in modern day houses and apartment buildings. The Kadohadacho lived in large villages along the Red river near the present day Oklahoma - Arkansas border. Avec l'arrivée de missionnaires d'Espagne et de France se déclencha une épidémie de petite vérole qui décima la population. The Caddo Indian Confederacy consisted of six tribes who would eventually sell their lands to the United States by signing the Treaty of Cession of 1835. At the height of their mound-building culture - around 1200 A.D. - the Caddos numbered 250,000 people. As time progressed their clothing style changed. La population totale caddo était de 200 000 vers 1500, 8 000 vers 1700 et 3 371 vers 1990. A less common house was made of brush covered by mud and supported by poles. The Caddo were farmers who lived in East Texas. TONKAWA INDIANS. Tejas Main. 300 years later the Spanish and the French visited the area, passing along the Camino. The plains were good for farming which is why they lived there. The Caddo people farmed, hunted, and fished for their food. Les Caddos sont une nation, ou groupe de tribus, d'Amérindiens qui, au XVIe siècle, occupaient une grande partie de ce qui est devenu l'est du Texas, l'ouest de la Louisiane et des parties du sud de l'Arkansas et de l'Oklahoma. Most Caddos speak English today, but some people, especially elders, also speak their native Caddo language. The caddo tribe ate deer, buffalo, fish, birds, watermelon, sunflower seeds, pumpkins, beans, and corn. There were two main groups of the Caddo in Texas. The Hasinai, Natchitoches, and Kadohadacho were forcibly pushed out of East Texas by Anglo settlers. They were very farm based and that's where most of their food came from. Caddo women harvested crops of corn, beans, pumpkins, and sunflowers. Caddo Indian. According to tribal traditions the lower Red river of Louisiana was the early home of the Caddo, from which they spread to the northwest, and south. Les registres paroissiaux à Natchitoches montrent que le Père Valentin visita la communauté amérindienne du chef Campti vers 1745, et ce fut la première trace écrite de l'existence du nom Campti. ———. The 2010 Population was 255,590 and has seen a growth of -7.05% since this time. They grew corn and pumpkins as primary crops which, later combined with beans and squash, … In fact, modern Nacogdoches is built on top of one of the largest of the old Hasinai … Students were also expected to write a brief paragraph that summarized all that went into their diorama. Food was cooked into cornbread, soups and hominy. Cannon. The Kadohadacho lived in large villages along the Red river near the present day Oklahoma - Arkansas border. Tonkawas of Texas. There were two main groups of the Caddo in Texas. Additional details are given in David Bushnell's Villages of the Algonquian, Siouan and Caddoan Tribes West of the Mississippi . Today, there are nearly 5,000 enrolled members of the nation. They were descendants of the Caddoan Mississippian culture that constructed huge earthwork mounds at several sites in this territory. Les Caddos se composaient historiquement de trois confédérations d'au moins 25 tribus différentes et parlaient une variété de dialectes des langues caddoanes. Feb 25, 2019 - Explore Little Ole Me! The Caddo are thought to be an extension of Woodland period peoples, the Fourche Maline and Mossy Grove cultures, whose members were living in the area of Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas between 200 BCE and 800 CE. Quelques villages caddos se sont réinstallés, dont la communauté de Elysian Fields (Texas), et Nacogdoches et Nachitoches qui ont tous deux conservé leur nom original. The Caddo timeline explains what happened to the people of their tribe following the arrival of the Europeans. The Caddo People produced beautiful art including pottery, woodcarvings, and baskets. More than 1,200 years ago, a tribe of Caddo Indians known as the Hasinai built a village and ceremonial center. Existence of the tribe was first documented by … Traditional Caddo foods included cornbread, soups, and stews. … Caddo Legends Introduction to the mythology of the Caddos. Artistically, Caddo Indians are most famous for their ornate pottery, which is made in a variety of styles. Related research is also on the Caddo County site. 's board "Caddo Indians", followed by 232 people on Pinterest. by Ann M. Early . According to Caddo lore, the tribe always selected sites near turkey roosts for their villages and not simply because of the game they provided. The Caddo originated in the lower Mississippi Valley and spread west along the river systems. See more ideas about native american history, native american indians, native american. See more ideas about indian nation, native american, native american indians. Autrefois, les Wichitas et les Pawnees faisaient partie de la même nation que les Caddos, ce qui est démontré par le fait que ces tribus parlent des langues Caddo. The Caddo Nation is a confederacy of several Native American tribes who historically inhabited much of what is now East Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. Les Piney Woods sont une forêt dense d'arbres à feuilles caduques et de conifères recouvrant des collines, des vallées escarpées, et des zones humides appelées bayous. Origin of the Medicine Men and Women Weapons, Beliefs & Traditions of the Chinook Indian. Today, the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma is a federally recognized tribe with its capital at Binger, Oklahoma. First of all, it must be mentioned that the marvelous Caddo Lake immediately sets itself apart from other the majority of lakes. They had roofs made out of either grass or bark. All documents must be provided for assistance to be considered. The Caddo Indians, a tribe of Native Americans, were the original inhabitants of northwest Louisiana. Interesting Facts: The caddos were the friendliest tribe and traded with everyone. They were descendants of the Caddoan Mississippian culture that constructed huge earthwork mounds at several sites in this territory. Wichita & Caddo Nation is available for adoption, if interested please e-mail the State coordinator for details. These tribes experienced contact with the Spanish and French early on and were hence, written in the accounts of the invaders. The Caddo Nation is a confederacy of several Native American tribes who historically inhabited much of what is now East Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. All documents must be provided for assistance to be considered. Buntin Williams a fluent speaker in Caddo and English, is the one most often called upon for public prayer. | New Words! In fact, it represents a very special type of lake. The Caddo Nation is thought to have lived in this area of the south as early as 200 BC and by the year 800 had begun to … Caddo History Timeline. The Turkey Dance is a series of more than fifty songs that are remembered in many Caddo dialects and recount occurrences in tribal history, including important battles and the creation of Caddo Lake. Caddo Parish, Louisiana's estimated population is 237,575 with a growth rate of -1.09% in the past year according to the most recent United States census data. One of the most distinctive characteristics of Caddo culture was their pottery, which encompassed many different styles and forms over a span of about 1,000 years (A.D. 800–1800). (13.7 meters). The Caddo Indians, Texas Indians . There are many Caddo folktales, many of which center around … One major Caddo tribe was the Kadohadacho. The people also grew tobacco and a grain-bearing grass. En 1788, un poste de traite fut établi par le trappeur et coureur de bois François Grappe, le long de la rivière Rouge du Sud sur le site de l'actuelle ville de Campti et sur le territoire des Caddos. There are many Caddo folktales, many of which center around supernatural monsters or anthropomorphic animals. Religious ceremonies played a central role in Caddo traditions and Caddo customs. Created in 1901 as part of Oklahoma Territory, the county is named for the Caddo tribe who were settled here on a reservation in the 1870s. Entre 500 et 800, les Caddos se démarquèrent et formèrent une nation distincte. Les plaines sèches forment un contraste avec les riches forêts montagneuses qui étaient leur patrie. When members of Hernando de Soto’s expedition entered the region in 1542, thriving Caddo communities were distributed along the Brazos, Trinity, Neches, Sabine, Red, and Ouachita rivers. Historiquement, il existait trois langues caddo distinctes. Les Caddos sont une nation, ou groupe de tribus, d'Amérindiens qui, au XVIe siècle, occupaient une grande partie de ce qui est devenu l'est du Texas, l'ouest de la Louisiane et des parties du sud de l'Arkansas et de l'Oklahoma. The Caddos, the Wichitas, and the United States, 1846–1901. Caddo Indian Tribe: History and genealogy of the Caddo tribe. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1996. Caddo Indians of Texas. Caddo pottery is the prime evidence used to identify and date Caddo sites. “My tribe has been making pottery for thousands of years,” she says. They also hunted for meat from bear, fox, turkey, deer, rabbit and other smaller game. Caddo Indians Fact Sheet Our answers to common questions about the lifestyle of the Caddo Indian tribe. Todd Smith, The Caddo Indians (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1995). These diseases decimated the Caddo population. Caddo Indian Man. Le territoire caddo s'étendait des Piney Woods jusqu'aux contreforts des monts Ozarks. Sep 19, 2016 - Explore Faye Hall's board "Caddo Indians" on Pinterest. Les Caddos rencontrèrent les Européens pour la première fois en 1542 lorsque l'expédition de Hernando de Soto traversa leurs terres. Their name derives from a French truncation of kadohadacho, meaning “real chief” in Caddo. Facts for Kids. The clans were named after an animal (e.g., bison, bear, raccoon) or celestial phenomena (sun, thunder) and were ranked, some clans having a higher social … Applicants must be an enrolled member of the Caddo Nation, 18 years of age, and head of household. Share . F. Todd Smith, The Caddo Indians: Tribes at the Convergence of Empires, 1542–1854 (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1995). Early Caddo History. The Caddo originated in the lower Mississippi Valley and spread west along the river systems. Les traditions orales des Caddos suggèrent qu'ils ont développé leur culture en Arkansas et qu'ils se sont étendus vers le sud et l'ouest ensuite. Their ancestors historically inhabited much of what is now East Texas, Louisiana, and portions of southern Arkansas and Oklahoma. Caddo Mounds State Historic Site: An East Texas Ancient Civilization- More than 1,200 years ago, a group of Caddo Indians known as the Hasinai built a village and ceremonial center just east of Wec… THE CADDO NATION INDIAN TRIBE. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 27 mai 2018 à 22:05. Sometime between 700 and 800 they settled the area between the Arkansas River and the middle reaches of the Red, Sabine, Angelina, and Neches rivers and adopted agriculture. The rivers near their villages provided fish and they also gathered wild plant foods. Caddo Parish, Louisiana is the 7th largest county in Louisiana. Ce conseil entretient les centres administratifs, des terrains de danse, et divers centres communautaires. College Station: Texas A&M Press, 1995. KARANKAWA INDIANS. The Caddo Indians: Tribes at the Convergence of Empires, 1542-1854. A post office was established December 19, 1872, with W. S. Burke as postmaster. F. Todd Smith, "The Red River Caddos: A Historical Overview to 1835," Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 64 (1994). In cold weather both men and women would wear thick robes made with buffalo fur. Les Caddos invitèrent les missionnaires européens à revenir et à leur retour une épidémie plus terrible encore réduit la population à seulement 1 000 individus. Which is the East and Northeast part of Texas. Kids Main | Fun & Games | Fantastic Facts | Adventures | Be a Scientist! Haurwitz, Ralph. The Caddo were in the southeastern plains. Tonkawa Indians. An enrolled member of the Kiowa Tribe with Caddo and French descent, he was popularly known as T.C. Fact Sheet. The name Caddo comes from the Indian word Kadohadacho, which means "true chiefs". The Caddo proper originally occupied the lower Red River area in what are now Louisiana and Arkansas. Halfmoon’s tribe—the Caddo tribe—also has a rich history with ceramics, especially with pottery. The Caddo Nation is a confederacy of several Southeastern Native American tribes. An enrolled member of the people of their mound-building culture - around 1200 A.D. the... 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