Of the conflicts raging across the globe in 2019, the Syrian civil war accounted for the largest share of international refugees and asylum seekers, 6.6 million. Greek islands last saw arrival numbers like that in early 2016, before the Half or more of refugees during this time came from Asia, with many from Iraq and Burma (Myanmar). 2019 Report Refugees in Spain and Europe. The EU total is calculated as an aggregation of Member States data. Around 91 000 people in the EU-27 received positive final decisions based on appeal or review in 2019, of which 33 200 were granted refugee status, 30 000 were granted subsidiary protection, and a further 27 900 were granted humanitarian status. Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Europe, Macedonia, Spain. The second is composed of persons who have been recognised, after consideration, as refugees, or have been granted another kind of international protection (subsidiary protection), or were granted protection on the basis of the national law related to international protection (authorisations to stay for humanitarian reasons), or were rejected from having any form of protection. Only five Member States recorded higher rates: Romania (34.5 %), Cyprus (46.9 %), Slovakia (69.8 %), Bulgaria (71.8 %) and Slovenia (80.2 %). AMIF has effectively and successfully supported the Union's common response to the migration crisis, while also providing a sign of solidarity to the Member States on the frontline. Refugees - number of returns to homeland 2001-2019 Venezuela: main countries of asylum/refugee status 2019 Number of refugees originating from Afghanistan 2005-2015 In April 2016, the European Commission adopted a Communication (COM(2016) 197 final) launching the process for a reform of the CEAS. migrants and refugees who arrived in the This page has been accessed 326,532 times. … Mediterranean. We take a look at clandestine and irregular migration movements to Europe in 2019. Refugee rate. Prot. 116; 2017: 97; 2016: 60; 2015: 135). arrivals in 2019 – the number of arrivals in 2018 was more than twice as high Central Mediterranean Route (mainly from Libya and Tunisia to Italy and Malta) At the end of 2019, there were 26.0 million refugees and 45.7 million internally displaced persons worldwide (UNHCR figures). In 2016 the number levelled off at around 1.2 million. Some of these people may have arrived prior to 2019. 2019, down to 0.7%. It is granted to a person who is unable to seek protection in his/her country of citizenship and/or residence, in particular for fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion. Greater differences were observed for asylum applicants who were 14–17 or 18–34 years old, where 67.9 % and 69.0 %, respectively, of first-time applicants were male, with this share dropping back to 58.0 % for the age group 35–64. The share of refugees in the EU is 0.6% compared to the total population . While the number of people who crossed the Aegean Sea from Greece/Cyprus: just 71 migrants, according to IOM. This included options for a fair and sustainable system for allocating asylum applicants among EU Member States, a further harmonisation of asylum procedures and standards to create a level playing field across the EU and thereby reduce pull factors inducing irregular secondary movements, and a strengthening of the mandate of the EASO. In 2019, 676 300 asylum seekers applied for international protection in the 27 current Member States of the European Union (EU-27), up by 11.2 % compared with 2018. to Italy or Malta; 516 between Libya and Italy/Malta. Route'. For first instance decisions, some 52.9 % of all positive decisions in the EU-27 in 2019 resulted in grants of refugee status. He urged member countries to show solidarity with the likes of Greece, Italy and Hungary by taking 160,000 refugees off their hands. A first-time applicant for international protection is a person who lodged an application for asylum for the first time in a given EU Member State and therefore excludes repeat applicants (in that Member State) and so more accurately reflects the number of newly arrived persons applying for international protection in the reporting Member State. Which were around 72% answered positively. 40% of sea arrivals are women and children 40 percent of individuals arriving to Europe by sea in 2019 are women and children. 2011: Croatia, Hungary, Austria and Finland not available. In 2019, 540 800 first instance decisions on asylum applications were made in the EU-27 Member States and a further 296 600 final decisions following an appeal. The number of migrants who died on this route (relative to In 2018, it was at 1.4%, which is twice as high as the Since asylum procedures and the number/levels of decision making bodies differ among the EU Member States, the true final instance may be, according to the national legislation and administrative procedures, a decision of the highest national court. get into the EU – that's about one fifth of the total number of people. (²) 2008: Bulgaria, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Austria, Romania, Slovakia and Finland not available. 2,140 asylum applications by refugees were received in 2019 in Norway - according to UNHCR. This page was last modified on 2 September 2020, at 07:29. when there were significantly more migrants and refugees on the move. EU-wide figures regarding both "legal" migration Across the EU-27, female applicants outnumbered male applicants in 2019 for asylum applicants aged 65 and over, although this group was relatively small, accounting for just 0.8 % (0.5 % females and 0.3 % males) of the total number of first-time applicants. A number of directives in this area have been developed. The Hague programme was adopted by heads of state and government on 5 November 2004. Among children, 17,735 were considered UASC while claiming asylum … In the majority of EU-27 Member States, in 2019 the share of minors that was unaccompanied was less than 20%. In … However, there were a few exceptions to this pattern: Germany, Estonia, Lithuania, Hungary, Austria and Poland reported a higher proportion of asylum applicants less than 18 years old. The four main legal instruments on asylum — all of which are currently subject to proposals for replacement or recasting — are: EU operational and financial support has been instrumental in helping Member States to address the migration challenge. twice as many as in 2019. July 22, 2019. By contrast, in Estonia, Lithuania and Portugal, all final decisions were negative. Also in 2019, EU countries granted protection to 295,800 asylum seekers, down from 333,400 in 2018, which was almost 40% lower than in 2017 (533,000). The seventeenth annual report from the Spa- nish Commission for Refugees (CEAR) analyses the situation of refugees in the world, the Euro-pean Union, and mainly in Spain over 2018. in 2019 was comparatively low on the 'eastern route'’ between Turkey and neighboring states as it has become difficult for migrants to cross into 54 percent of asylum applications have been rejected in the first instance. 57,012 Mediterranean, where the death toll is much higher than in the Eastern This represents a slight increase of 6% compared to the same period in 2018 (191,800). As Figure 1 presents, between 2008 and 2012 there was a gradual increase in the number of asylum applications within the EU-27, after which the number of asylum seekers rose at a more rapid pace, with 400 500 applications in 2013, 594 200 in 2014 and around 1.3 million in 2015. (Data for October through December has not yet been made available. Applicants in 2019. Since 2008 data have been provided to Eurostat under the provisions of Article 4 of Regulation (EC) 862/2007; most of the statistics presented in this article were collected within this regulatory framework. Eurostat produces statistics on a range of issues relating to international migration. However, AGWM missionaries in Europe are still at the front lines, engaging with refugees from countries such as Guinea, Morocco and Syria. Rejection rate. Refugees in Europe. however, was roughly the same in 2019 and 2018. deadliest migration routes worldwide. Most successful have been the applications of refugees from Bahrain … Greece, but also Cyprus, there were 66,166 sea arrivals this year, which is Syrians accounted for the largest number of applicants in seven of the 27 EU Member States, including 39 300 applicants in Germany. Syrian, Afghan and Venezuelan – main citizenships of asylum applicants in the EU-27 in 2019. in a truck in the UK – a grizzly discovery that brought worldwide attention to increase in arrivals in the second half of 2019 – between July and November, Based on a global estimate from IDMC. Disclaimer: This article focuses on clandestine and irregular 227 migrants were reported dead or missing on their way from Tunisia Decisions made at the first instance resulted in 206 000 persons being granted protection status, while a further 91 000 received protection status on appeal. Migration to Europe in 2019: Facts and figures. The EASO supports EU Member States in their efforts to implement a more consistent and fair asylum policy. Turkey is now taking steps to thin the number of refugees in its urban centers, recently moving more than 6,000 Syrians from Istanbul to temporary housing in other provinces. the plight of Vietnamese migrant workers. A total of 2,247 decisions have been made on initial applications. Data extracted on 16 March 2020 and 26 May 2020 (parts on applications by unaccompanied minors and decisions on asylum applications). In 2019, more than half of Mediterranean migrant deaths In contrast, final decisions in appeal or review relate to decisions granted at the final instance of administrative/judicial asylum procedure and which result from an appeal lodged by an asylum seeker rejected in the preceding stage. how many people attempted the crossing in the first place) also decreased in Conversely, Italy, Croatia, Poland, Czechia and Hungary each recorded a share of positive first instance decisions between 19.7 % (Italy) and 8.5 % (Hungary). Nearly four years after almost 1 million refugees were welcomed into the country, Germany has quietly been closing the window on asylum applications and ramping up deportations. Among EU-27 Member States, the highest shares of positive first instance decisions out of the total number of first instance decisions in 2019 were recorded in Spain (66.2 %), followed by Luxembourg (56.7 %), Austria (53.5 %), Greece (53.1 %), Ireland (52.1 %) and Denmark (52.0 %). In the Eastern Mediterranean, between Turkey and primarily Pending at end 2019. rate. Since fiscal 1980, 55% of refugees have come from Asia, a far higher share than from Europe (28%), Africa (13%) or Latin America (4%). current rate. That's because in 2014 and 2015 the majority of refugees and migrants arriving in the EU entered Greece from Turkey, using a much shorter sea route, … border in remote, difficult terrain), vehicle accidents, and drowning trying to "We knew it was dangerous, I knew it was dangerous, but when you have a lion at your back and the sea in front, you take the sea." in 2015; and 3,184 in 2014). In May 2010, the European Commission presented an action plan for unaccompanied minors (COM(2010) 213 final), who are regarded as the most exposed and vulnerable victims of migration. The share of positive final decisions based on appeal or review (30.7 %; see Figure 9) was lower in the EU-27 in 2019 than for first instance decisions (38.1 %; see Figure 8). within Europe in 2019, according to IOM. The EU-27 aggregate includes 2018 data for Spain. A total of 95,176 decisions have been made on initial applications. Croatia due to pushbacks and increased border patrols on the Croatian side of Persons may however apply for international protection in more than one Member State in a given reference year. That's far fewer than in 2018, The European migrant crisis, also known as the refugee crisis, was a period characterised by high numbers of people arriving in the European Union (EU) overseas from across the Mediterranean Sea or overland through Southeast Europe. with between 6,000 and 11,000 migrants arriving on average each month. migrants and asylum seekers who arrived in Europe 28 percent of asylum applications have been rejected in the first instance. people trying to cross the central Mediterranean died. Until the end of the Second World War, most migration was within and out of Europe. Among the most numerous groups of citizenship of first-time asylum applicants in the EU-27 in 2019, the most substantial increase in the number of applications in comparison with 2018 was recorded for nationals of Venezuela (22 600 applications more, or +101.9 %), followed by nationals of Colombia (21 800 more, or +216.7 %) and Afghanistan (13 600 more, or +34.8 %). Refugee status. Refugees and Migrants in Europe - 2019 Update. place on the 'western route' – mostly between Morocco and Spain, but also IOM estimates that there were at least Sweden alone reported 34,295 applications in 2015, more than a third of the total. As media attention has slowly faded, so have the thoughts of many people toward the refugee crises in Europe. and the Western Mediterranean Route (from Morocco and Algeria to Spain) (Iraq is counted as a part of Asia in this data source.) Union by land included Greece and Bulgaria, which both border on Turkey, and In April, the government announced that Germany would accept 4,600 resettled refugees in 2018 and 5,600 in 2019 as a contribution towards an EU … Europe must not be drawn into a competition with Erdogan over who can make refugees more miserable. Consequently, the EU total may include such multiple applications. EU-Turkey deal was signed. Croatia, which many migrants try to cross in a bid to make it from the Balkans 612 700 first-time asylum seekers applied for international protection in the Member States of the EU-27 in 2019. Planned article update: mid-March 2021 and late April 2021 (parts on applications by unaccompanied minors and final decisions). In absolute terms, 109 000 persons were granted refugee status in the EU-27 in 2019 at first instance, 52 000 were given subsidiary protection status, and 45 100 were given authorisation to stay for humanitarian reasons. 142,458 asylum applications by refugees were received in 2019 in Germany - according to UNHCR. Almost one in three (27%) of these came from Syria, while people from Afghanistan (14%) and Venezuela (13%) were also in the top three. Altogether, 3.4% of Between 1986 and 2007, data on asylum was collected on the basis of a gentlemen’s agreement. 27th July 2020 | News. A total of 105,425 migrants arrived in Europe by crossing It puts forward the idea of a common European asylum system (CEAS), in particular, it raises the challenge to establish common procedures and uniform status for those granted asylum or subsidiary protection. slightly higher number of land arrivals in the previous year when 26,806 people The Central Mediterranean region saw 14,500 migrant arrivals Europe Missions. Since 1999, the EU has worked towards creating a common European asylum regime in accordance with the Geneva Convention and other applicable international instruments. Most settled in cities such as Istanbul, where they can find work. Crossing the Mediterranean Sea continues to be one of the In all, there were about 134,000 migrant arrivals to Europe in 2018, which is actually a significant decrease from 2017, which saw … There was In 2019 alone, there have already been 27,301 sea arrivals in Italy, Greece, Spain, Cyprus and Malta. Mediterranean. 10% of all refugees and only a fraction of internally displaced persons were living in the EU. Greece saw a dramatic increase in arrivals, while arrivals in Italy and Spain declined. Since 2013, Syria remains the main country of citizenship of asylum seekers in the EU-27. In March 2019, the European Commission reported on the progress made over the past 4 years and set out the measures still required to address immediate and future migration challenges (COM/2019/126 final). Introduction. the Mediterranean Sea in 2019, according to IOM (as of December 19). Subs. Most migrants arrived by sea, taking the dangerous 'Mediterranean "Mediterranean Route" this past year than in the past. The 1951 Geneva Convention relating to the status of refugees (as amended by the 1967 New York Protocol) has, for around 70 years, defined who is a refugee, and laid down a common approach towards refugees that has been one of the cornerstones for the development of a common asylum system within the EU. In 2019, the number of Syrian first-time asylum applicants in the EU-27 fell to 74 400 from 80 000 in 2018, while the share of Syrians in the EU-27 total dropped from 14.6 % to 12.1 %. This age distribution of asylum applicants was common in almost all of the EU-27 Member States, with the largest share of applicants being those aged 18–34. In 2019, 38.1 % of EU-27 first instance asylum decisions resulted in positive outcomes, that is grants of refugee or subsidiary protection status, or an authorisation to stay for humanitarian reasons. Afghans accounted for 8.6 % of the total number of first-time asylum applicants and Venezuelans for 7.3 %, while Colombians and Iraqis for 5.2 % and 4.4 %, respectively. cross a river or the English Channel. The European Commission released updated statistics about the numbers of refugees and migrants who tried to make their way to Europe in 2018, via the Mediterranean sea. arrived by land; the ratio of people who arrived by land and sea, respectively, happened on the 'central route' – though it accounted less than 14% of all Many European countries see more people arrive than depart, and net migration is especially high in the economic heartland of Western Europe. Throughout history, the region has been a central part of global migration systems which its States helped to establish and shape, mainly through mercantilist and colonial expansions. The next high numbers of applicants of a single citizenship in 2019 were also observed in Germany (13 700 applicants from Iraq and 10 800 from Turkey), Greece (10 800 applicants from Syria) and France (10 000 applicants from Afghanistan). European Union without a visa or similar documentation. With 142 400 applicants registered in 2019, Germany accounted for 23.3 % of all first-time applicants in the EU-27. million arrivals. This was the first time the number of asylum applications increased year-to-year since 2015. More than 120,000 irregular migrants and refugees arrived in the EU this year, mostly by sea. Rejection. the border. The distribution of first-time asylum applicants by sex shows that more men (61.9 %) than women (38.1 %) were seeking asylum. That means that 0.1% Less than 172,000 people – mostly fleeing conflict in the Middle East and poverty in Africa – crossed the Mediterranean into Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain in 2017, compared to more than 363,000 in 2016. Europe also played a crucial role in developing a set of rules and norms regulating human mobility in the region. 38 % of EU-27 first instance asylum decisions resulted in positive outcomes in 2019. In 2016 the numbers fell to 65,500, and there was a further fall in 2017 to 32,335, and in 2018 to 20,320, still significantly higher than for any year before 2014. Data are provided to Eurostat with a monthly frequency (for asylum application statistics), quarterly frequency (for first instance decisions) or annual frequency (for final decisions based on appeal or review, resettlement and unaccompanied minors). According to IOM, only 23,261 people who arrived in Europe Most of them came from Syria, Iraq and from Turkey. In 2017, the number of asylum applications marked a significant decrease of 44.5 % in comparison with 2016, and continued a downward path also in 2018. The need to seek international protection is one of the main reasons that forces people to cross borders. How many people arrived in Europe in 2019 without papers? First instance decisions are decisions granted by the respective authority acting as a first instance of the administrative/judicial asylum procedure in the receiving country. Most of them came from Syria, Turkey and from Eritrea. Source: Eurostat (online data code: migr_asyappctza). Most migrants and asylum seekers who arrived in Italy's then-interior minister Matteo Salvini – did draw a lot of media attention, the vast majority of migrant sea arrivals in a clandestine manner in 2019 (as of December 23) crossed a land border to EU states were given until September 26 2017 to comply. authorisations to stay for humanitarian reasons, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), EU study on reception policies, as well as return and integration arrangements for unaccompanied minors, Dublin statistics on countries responsible for asylum application, Enforcement of immigration legislation statistics, Residence permits - statistics on first permits issued during the year, Migration and migrant population statistics, Population and population change statistics, All publications on asylum and managed migration, Decisions on applications and resettlement, European Commission — DG Migration and Home Affairs — Common European asylum system, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Asylum_statistics&oldid=496368. This increase was largely due to an 3,170 migrant fatalities worldwide in 2019 (as of December 19). In March 2019, the European Commission declared the migrant crisis to be at an end, although displaced people continued to arrive. Data on decisions on asylum applications are available for two instance levels, namely first instance decisions and final decisions taken in appeal or review. In 2019, European countries12 recorded 672,935 new asylum seekers. Asylum is a form of international protection given by a state on its territory. In 2019 there were 14 100 applications[3] in the EU-27 from unaccompanied minors; 7.1 % of all minors were unaccompanied (see Figure 6). The data arrived as the European Commission is expected, by the end of this month, to present its proposal for reform of EU migration and asylum rules. crossings, standoff between the Sea-Watch 3 and its captain Carola Rackete with crossings. This is for the sake of the refugees but also for Europeans themselves. This latest figure for 2019 marked an increase of 63 700 first-time applicants across the EU-27 in comparison with the year before (from 549 000 in 2018 to 612 700 in 2019). Among EU-27 Member States, the highest shares of positive final decisions out of the total number of final decisions in 2019 were recorded in Bulgaria (67.7 %), followed by Austria (55.7 %), Ireland (48.9 %), the Netherlands (48.0 %) and Finland (44.9 %). (In 2017, that number was 3,139; 5,141 in 2016; 4,041 165,938. For the purpose of this analysis only the top 30 countries of citizenship in terms of the number of first-time applicants for asylum were considered. Two different categories of persons should be taken into account when analysing asylum statistics. In July 2016, the European Commission put forward a second set of proposals related to the reform of the CEAS, for example to establish a resettlement framework for the EU (COM(2016) 468 final) and a common procedure for international protection (COM(2016) 467 final) as well as a recast of the legislation on the standards for the reception of applicants for international protection (COM(2016) 465 final). An unaccompanied minor is a person less than 18 years old who arrives on the territory of an EU-27 Member State not accompanied by an adult responsible for the minor or a minor who is left unaccompanied after having entered the territory of a Member State. Greece saw a dramatic increase in arrivals, while arrivals in Italy and Spain declined. 584 reported missing or dead Mediterranean migration: more arrivals in Greece, fewer in Italy's then-interior minister Matteo Salvini, At least 40 feared dead or missing in shipwreck off Libya, according to UNHCR, More unaccompanied minors among migrants rescued at sea, NGO, Open Arms rescues a further 77 migrants in the Mediterranean. migrants who attempted that crossing died. Please enable JavaScript in your browser for better use of the website. Figure 8 provides an analysis of the outcome of first instance decisions. nearly a third of them (202,945) were children. via that sea route in 2019 (as of December 19). Many migrants, however, are finding themselves stuck in Croatia's That's the highest number since 2015, Though refugee and subsidiary protection status are defined by EU law, humanitarian reasons are specific to national legislation and are not applicable in some of the EU Member States. In April, the government announced that Germany would accept 4,600 resettled refugees in 2018 and 5,600 in 2019 as a contribution towards an EU … Since the entry into force of Regulation (EC) 862/2007, statistics on asylum decisions have become available for different stages of the asylum procedure. The swell of Syrians has pushed Turke… It's worth to note here that while migrant rescue missions – As a complement to this action plan, the European Migration Network has produced a comprehensive EU study on reception policies, as well as return and integration arrangements for unaccompanied minors. 2009: Bulgaria, Greece, Spain, Croatia. 7. Roughly 473,000 first-time asylum applications were filed in countries that belong to the European Union between January and September 2019, according to Eurostat. migration to the European Union, i.e. Number of asylum applicants: increase in 2019, Citizenship of first-time applicants: largest numbers from Syria, Afghanistan and Venezuela, Main countries of destination: Germany, France and Spain, First instance decisions on asylum applications. This includes the 39 Vietnamese migrants who were found dead The number of people who have been reported dead or missing 2012: Croatia, Hungary and Austria not available. In contrast, the largest relative decreases were recorded in Italy (-34.5 %, or 18 400 fewer), Germany (-12.0 %, or 19 400 fewer) and Austria (-7.0 %, or 800 fewer), see Figure 3. More than 120,000 irregular migrants and refugees arrived in the EU this year, mostly by sea. The EASO became fully operational in June 2011 and has worked to increase its capacity, activity and influence, working with the European Commission and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Turkey to Greece doubled compared to 2018, the number of people taking the (2018: Asylum in Europe 2019: human rights under pressure . We take a look at clandestine and irregular migration movements to Europe in 2019. A staggering number of Syrians have escaped to neighboring Turkey, which in 2018 supported a Syrian refugee population that exceeded 3.6 million people. More than three quarters (77.3 %) of the first-time asylum seekers in the EU-27 in 2019 were less than 35 years old (see Figure 4); those in the age range 18–34 years accounted for slightly less than half (47.0 %) of the total number of first-time applicants, while almost one third (30.3 %) of the total number of first-time applicants were minors aged less than 18 years. 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